Flashcards - Introduction to Plant Biology

Flashcards - Introduction to Plant Biology
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monocot
Monocotyledons , commonly referred to as monocots, are flowering plants whose seeds typically contain only one embryonic leaf, or cotyledon
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zygote
A zygote , is a eukaryotic cell formed by a fertilization event between two gametes
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spore
Spore is a 2008 life simulation, real-time strategy single-player god game developed by Maxis and designed by Will Wright, released for Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X
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gametophyte
A gametophyte is a stage in the life cycle of plants and algae that undergo alternation of generations
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gametes
A gamete is a cell that fuses with another cell during fertilization in organisms that sexually reproduce
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stigma

The sticky structure at the top that receives the pollen for fertilization.

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stamen
The stamen is the pollen-producing reproductive organ of a flower
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root cap
The root cap is a section of tissue at the tip of a plant root
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vascular cambium
The vascular cambium is a plant tissue located between the xylem and the phloem in the stem of a vascular plant
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meristem
A meristem is the tissue in most plants containing undifferentiated cells , found in zones of the plant where growth can take place
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ground tissue
The ground tissue of plants includes all tissues that are neither dermal nor vascular
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xylem
Xylem is one of the two types of transport tissue in vascular plants, phloem being the other
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vascular tissue
Vascular tissue is a complex conducting tissue, formed of more than one cell type, found in vascular plants
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Plants
Plants, also called green plants, are multicellular eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae
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cell wall
A cell wall is a structural layer that surrounds most types of cells, situated outside the cell membrane
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cell wall
A cell wall is a structural layer that surrounds most types of cells, situated outside the cell membrane
Plants
Plants, also called green plants, are multicellular eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae
vascular tissue
Vascular tissue is a complex conducting tissue, formed of more than one cell type, found in vascular plants
xylem
Xylem is one of the two types of transport tissue in vascular plants, phloem being the other
ground tissue
The ground tissue of plants includes all tissues that are neither dermal nor vascular
meristem
A meristem is the tissue in most plants containing undifferentiated cells , found in zones of the plant where growth can take place
vascular cambium
The vascular cambium is a plant tissue located between the xylem and the phloem in the stem of a vascular plant
root cap
The root cap is a section of tissue at the tip of a plant root
stamen
The stamen is the pollen-producing reproductive organ of a flower
stigma

The sticky structure at the top that receives the pollen for fertilization.

gametes
A gamete is a cell that fuses with another cell during fertilization in organisms that sexually reproduce
gametophyte
A gametophyte is a stage in the life cycle of plants and algae that undergo alternation of generations
spore
Spore is a 2008 life simulation, real-time strategy single-player god game developed by Maxis and designed by Will Wright, released for Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X
zygote
A zygote , is a eukaryotic cell formed by a fertilization event between two gametes
monocot
Monocotyledons , commonly referred to as monocots, are flowering plants whose seeds typically contain only one embryonic leaf, or cotyledon
epidermis
The epidermis is the outer of the two layers that make up the skin , the inner layer being the dermis
geotropism
Gravitropism is a turning or growth movement by a plant or fungus in response to gravity
phototropism
Phototropism is the growth of an organism which responds to a light stimulus
thigmatropism
Thigmotropism is a directional growth movement of curvature which occurs in response to stimulus of contact
tropism
A tropism is a biological phenomenon, indicating growth or turning movement of a biological organism, usually a plant, in response to an environmental stimulus
alternation of generations
Alternation of generations is a term primarily used to describe the life cycle of plants
sporophyte
A sporophyte is the diploid multicellular stage in the life cycle of a plant or alga
microsporangia
A microsporangium is a sporangium that produces spores that give rise to male gametophytes
double fertilization
Double fertilization is a complex fertilization mechanism of flowering plants
flowers
A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in plants that are floral
dicot
The dicotyledons, also known as dicots , were one of the two groups into which all the flowering plants or angiosperms were formerly divided
shoot system
In botany, shoots consist of stems including their appendages, the leaves and lateral buds, flowering stems and flower buds
cuticle
A cuticle /ˈkjuË?tɪkÉ™l/, or cuticula, is any of a variety of tough but flexible, non-mineral outer coverings of an organism, or parts of an organism, that provide protection
ovary
The ovary is an ovum-producing reproductive organ, often found in pairs in the female as part of the vertebrate female reproductive system
endosperm
Endosperm is a tissue produced inside the seeds of most of the flowering plants following fertilization

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