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Flashcards - Issues & Trends in Modern-Day Agriculture

Flashcards - Issues & Trends in Modern-Day Agriculture
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monocultures
Monoculture is the agricultural practice of producing or growing a single crop, plant, or livestock species, variety, or breed in a field or farming system at a time
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Food security
Food security is a condition related to the supply of food, and individuals' access to it
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Bioaccumulation
Bioaccumulation refers to the accumulation of substances, such as pesticides, or other chemicals in an organism
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genetically modified organisms
A genetically modified organism is any organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques
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land degradation
Land degradation is a process in which the value of the biophysical environment is affected by a combination of human-induced processes acting upon the land
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industrialized agriculture
Intensive farming or intensive agriculture also known as industrial agriculture is characterized by a low fallow ratio and higher use of inputs such as capital and labour per unit land area
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Habitat fragmentation
Habitat fragmentation describes the emergence of discontinuities in an organism's preferred environment , causing population fragmentation and ecosystem decay
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Habitat fragmentation
Habitat fragmentation describes the emergence of discontinuities in an organism's preferred environment , causing population fragmentation and ecosystem decay
industrialized agriculture
Intensive farming or intensive agriculture also known as industrial agriculture is characterized by a low fallow ratio and higher use of inputs such as capital and labour per unit land area
land degradation
Land degradation is a process in which the value of the biophysical environment is affected by a combination of human-induced processes acting upon the land
genetically modified organisms
A genetically modified organism is any organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques
Bioaccumulation
Bioaccumulation refers to the accumulation of substances, such as pesticides, or other chemicals in an organism
Food security
Food security is a condition related to the supply of food, and individuals' access to it
monocultures
Monoculture is the agricultural practice of producing or growing a single crop, plant, or livestock species, variety, or breed in a field or farming system at a time
Sustainable agriculture
Sustainable agriculture is farming in sustainable ways based on an understanding of ecosystem services, the study of relationships between organisms and their environment
pests
A pest is "a plant or animal detrimental to humans or human concerns "; alternative meanings include organisms that cause nuisance and epidemic disease associated with high mortality
40 essential nutrients
A nutrient is a component in foods that an organism uses to survive and grow
thyroid gland
The thyroid gland, or simply the thyroid /ˈθaɪrɔɪd/, is an endocrine gland in the throat, and consists of two connected lobes
under-nutrition
Malnutrition or malnourishment is a condition that results from eating a diet in which nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems
erosion
In earth science, erosion is the action of surface processes that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it away to another location
Genetic engineering
Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genome using biotechnology
World Bank
The World Bank is an international financial institution that provides loans to developing countries for capital programs

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