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Flashcards - Levels of U.S. Government

Flashcards - Levels of U.S. Government
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Regulations
Regulation is an abstract concept of management of complex systems according to a set of rules and trends
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Bill of Rights
The Bill of Rights is the collective name for the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution
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law
Law is a system of rules that are enforced through social institutions to govern behavior
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original jurisdiction
The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a case for the first time, as opposed to appellate jurisdiction, when a higher court has the power to review a lower court's decision
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district courts
The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system
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circuit courts
Circuit court is the name of court systems in several common law jurisdictions
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United States Congress
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States consisting of two chambers: the Senate and the House of Representatives
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implied powers
Implied powers, in the United States, are those powers authorized by a document that, while not stated, seem to be implied by powers expressly stated
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House of Representatives
The United States House of Representatives is one of the two houses of the United States Congress alongside the Senate
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United States Constitution
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America
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legislative branch
A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city
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judicial review
Judicial review is a process under which executive and legislative actions are subject to review by the judiciary
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judicial branch
The judiciary is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state
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judicial branch
The judiciary is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state
judicial review
Judicial review is a process under which executive and legislative actions are subject to review by the judiciary
legislative branch
A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city
United States Constitution
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America
House of Representatives
The United States House of Representatives is one of the two houses of the United States Congress alongside the Senate
implied powers
Implied powers, in the United States, are those powers authorized by a document that, while not stated, seem to be implied by powers expressly stated
United States Congress
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States consisting of two chambers: the Senate and the House of Representatives
circuit courts
Circuit court is the name of court systems in several common law jurisdictions
district courts
The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system
original jurisdiction
The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a case for the first time, as opposed to appellate jurisdiction, when a higher court has the power to review a lower court's decision
law
Law is a system of rules that are enforced through social institutions to govern behavior
Bill of Rights
The Bill of Rights is the collective name for the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution
Regulations
Regulation is an abstract concept of management of complex systems according to a set of rules and trends
arraignment
Arraignment is a formal reading of a criminal charging document in the presence of the defendant to inform the defendant of the charges against the defendant
bicameral
A bicameral legislature is one in which the legislators are divided into two separate assemblies, chambers or houses
committees
A committee is a body of one or more persons that is subordinate to a deliberative assembly
constitutional amendment
A constitutional amendment refers to the modification of the constitution of a nation or state
Independent agencies
Independent agencies of the United States federal government are those agencies that exist outside of the federal executive departments
Regulatory powers
A regulatory agency is a public authority or government agency responsible for exercising autonomous authority over some area of human activity in a regulatory or supervisory capacity
common law system
A common law legal system is characterized by case law developed by judges, courts, and similar tribunals, when giving decisions in individual cases that have precedential effect on future cases
hung jury
A hung jury or deadlocked jury is a judicial jury that cannot agree upon a verdict after extended deliberation and is unable to reach the required unanimity or supermajority
state official
An official is someone who holds an office in an organization or government and participates in the exercise of authority
Consumer Product Safety Commission
The United States Consumer Product Safety Commission is an independent agency of the United States government
Government corporations
A state-owned enterprise is a legal entity that undertakes commercial activities on behalf of an owner, the government
National Labor Relations Board
The National Labor Relations Board is an independent US government agency with responsibilities for enforcing US labor law in relation to collective bargaining and unfair labor practices
statutory law
Statutory law or statute law is written law set down by a body of legislature or by a singular legislator
categorical grants
Categorical grants are grants, issued by the United States Congress, which may be spent only for narrowly defined purposes

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