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Flashcards - Major Philosophies of Education

Flashcards - Major Philosophies of Education
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Edward Thorndike
Edward Lee \"Ted\" Thorndike was an American psychologist who spent nearly his entire career at Teachers College, Columbia University
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inquiry
An inquiry is any process that has the aim of augmenting knowledge, resolving doubt, or solving a problem
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scientific method
The scientific method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge
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active learning
Active learning is a teaching method that strives to more directly involve students in the learning process
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learning
Learning is the act of acquiring new, or modifying and reinforcing existing, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences and may involve synthesizing different types of information
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zone of proximal development
The zone of proximal development, often abbreviated as ZPD, is the difference between what a learner can do without help and what he or she can do with help
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extinction
In biology and ecology, extinction is the end of an organism or of a group of organisms , normally a species
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extinction
In biology and ecology, extinction is the end of an organism or of a group of organisms , normally a species
zone of proximal development
The zone of proximal development, often abbreviated as ZPD, is the difference between what a learner can do without help and what he or she can do with help
learning
Learning is the act of acquiring new, or modifying and reinforcing existing, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences and may involve synthesizing different types of information
active learning
Active learning is a teaching method that strives to more directly involve students in the learning process
scientific method
The scientific method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge
inquiry
An inquiry is any process that has the aim of augmenting knowledge, resolving doubt, or solving a problem
Edward Thorndike
Edward Lee \"Ted\" Thorndike was an American psychologist who spent nearly his entire career at Teachers College, Columbia University
Critical theory
Critical theory stresses the reflective assessments and critique of society and culture by applying knowledge from the social sciences and the humanities
lifelong learners
Lifelong learning is the "ongoing, voluntary, and self-motivated" pursuit of knowledge for either personal or professional reasons
chunking
Chunking in psychology is a process by which individual pieces of information are bound together into a meaningful whole
Jeffersonianism
Jeffersonian democracy , named after its advocate Thomas Jefferson, was one of two dominant political outlooks and movements in the United States from the 1790s to the 1820s
stimulus
In physiology, a stimulus is a detectable change in the internal or external environment
cognitive load
In cognitive psychology, cognitive load refers to the total amount of mental effort being used in the working memory
long-term memory
Long-term memory is the final stage of the dual memory model proposed in the Atkinson-Shiffrin memory model, in which information can be stored for long periods of time
Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson was an American Founding Father and the principal author of the Declaration of Independence

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