Flashcards - Metabolism of Nutrients

Flashcards - Metabolism of Nutrients
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adipose tissues
In biology, adipose tissue /ˈædᵻˌpoʊs/, body fat, or simply fat is a loose connective tissue composed mostly of adipocytes
gluconeogenesis
Gluconeogenesis is a metabolic pathway that results in the generation of glucose from certain non-carbohydrate carbon substrates
ATP synthase
ATP synthase is an important enzyme that creates the energy storage molecule adenosine triphosphate
glycogenesis
Glycogenesis is the process of glycogen synthesis, in which glucose molecules are added to chains of glycogen for storage
glycogenolysis
Glycogenolysis is the breakdown of glycogen to glucose-6-phosphate and glycogen
lipogenesis
Lipogenesis is the process by which acetyl-CoA is converted to fatty acids
Cytokines
Cytokines are a broad and loose category of small proteins that are important in cell signaling
Inborn errors of metabolism
Inborn errors of metabolism form a large class of genetic diseases involving congenital disorders of metabolism
phenylketonuria
Phenylketonuria is an inborn error of metabolism that results in decreased metabolism of the amino acid phenylalanine

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