Flashcards - Motivation & Emotion Theories in Psychology

Flashcards - Motivation & Emotion Theories in Psychology
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13 cards in set
Emotion, in everyday speech, is any relatively brief conscious experience characterized by intense mental activity and a high degree of pleasure or displeasure
The hypothalamus is a portion of the brain that contains a number of small nuclei with a variety of functions
Charles Darwin

In the late 19th century, Charles Darwin, the scientist who is most famous for his ideas about evolution, recognized that projecting our emotions on our faces can intensify our experience of that emotion, and that subduing those projections can diminish the emotion.

adrenal glands
The adrenal glands are endocrine glands that produce a variety of hormones including adrenaline and the steroids aldosterone and cortisol
fight or flight response
The fight-or-flight response is a physiological reaction that occurs in response to a perceived harmful event, attack, or threat to survival
pituitary gland
In vertebrate anatomy, the pituitary gland, or hypophysis, is an endocrine gland about the size of a pea and weighing 0
Insulin is a peptide hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreatic islets, and by the Brockmann body in some teleost fish
The amygdalae are two almond-shaped groups of nuclei located deep and medially within the temporal lobes of the brain in complex vertebrates, including humans
James-Lange theory of emotion

The James-Lange theory of emotion proposes that physiological arousal precedes the experience of emotion.

Epinephrine, also known as adrenalin or adrenaline, is primarily a medication and a hormone

The two-factor theory of emotion maintains that the experience of emotion depends on two factors: physiological arousal and cognitive processing. Psychologist Richard Lazarus called this sort of cognitive processing appraisal, and he argued it could be either conscious or unconscious. Our appraisals are not always accurate.

two-factor theory of emotion

The two-factor theory of emotion states that emotion is based on two factors: physiological arousal and cognitive processing.


In the general adaptation syndrome developed by Hans Seyle, resistance is a stage during which the body tries to adapt to long-term stress and to return to pre-alarmed functioning.

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