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Flashcards - Nerve, Muscle & Specialized Cell Types for the MCAT: Help and Review

Flashcards - Nerve, Muscle & Specialized Cell Types for the MCAT: Help and Review
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afferent
In the peripheral nervous system, an afferent nerve fiber is the axon of an afferent sensory neuron
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action potential
In physiology, an action potential is a short-lasting event in which the electrical membrane potential of a cell rapidly rises and falls, following a consistent trajectory
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action potential
In physiology, an action potential is a short-lasting event in which the electrical membrane potential of a cell rapidly rises and falls, following a consistent trajectory
afferent
In the peripheral nervous system, an afferent nerve fiber is the axon of an afferent sensory neuron
multiple sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis is a demyelinating disease in which the insulating covers of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord are damaged
myelin sheath
Myelin is a fatty white substance that surrounds the axon of some nerve cells, forming an electrically insulating layer
endurance
Endurance was the three-masted barquentine in which Sir Ernest Shackleton sailed for the Antarctic on the 1914 Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition

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