Flashcards - NES Essential Academic Skills Writing: Determiners, Clauses & Phrases

Flashcards - NES Essential Academic Skills Writing: Determiners, Clauses & Phrases
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subject
The subject in a simple English sentence such as John runs, John is a teacher, or John was hit by a car is the person or thing about whom the statement is made, in this case 'John'
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object
Traditional grammar defines the object in a sentence as the entity that is acted upon by the subject
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gerund
Gerund is a term for a verb form that functions as a noun
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noun
A noun is a word that functions as the name of some specific thing or set of things, such as living creatures, objects, places, actions, qualities, states of existence, or ideas
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article
An article is a word that is used alongside a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun
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article
An article is a word that is used alongside a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun
noun
A noun is a word that functions as the name of some specific thing or set of things, such as living creatures, objects, places, actions, qualities, states of existence, or ideas
gerund
Gerund is a term for a verb form that functions as a noun
object
Traditional grammar defines the object in a sentence as the entity that is acted upon by the subject
subject
The subject in a simple English sentence such as John runs, John is a teacher, or John was hit by a car is the person or thing about whom the statement is made, in this case 'John'
verb
A verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word that in syntax conveys an action , an occurrence , or a state of being
clause
In grammar, a clause is the smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition
dependent clause
A dependent clause is a clause that provides an independent clause with additional information, but which cannot stand alone as a sentence
independent clause
An independent clause is a clause that can stand by itself as a simple sentence
adverb clause
An adverbial clause is a dependent clause that functions as an adverb; that is, the entire clause modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb

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