Flashcards - NES Essential Academic Skills Writing: Grammar Errors

Flashcards - NES Essential Academic Skills Writing: Grammar Errors
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antecedent
In grammar, an antecedent is an expression that gives its meaning to a pro-form
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subjunctive
The subjunctive in English is used to form sentences that do not describe known objective facts
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passive
Passive voice is a grammatical voice common in many languages
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mood
A mood is an emotional state
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direct object
Traditional grammar defines the object in a sentence as the entity that is acted upon by the subject
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subject
The subject in a simple English sentence such as John runs, John is a teacher, or John was hit by a car is the person or thing about whom the statement is made, in this case 'John'
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verb
A verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word that in syntax conveys an action , an occurrence , or a state of being
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future tense
In grammar, a future tense is a verb form that generally marks the event described by the verb as not having happened yet, but expected to happen in the future
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future tense
In grammar, a future tense is a verb form that generally marks the event described by the verb as not having happened yet, but expected to happen in the future
verb
A verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word that in syntax conveys an action , an occurrence , or a state of being
subject
The subject in a simple English sentence such as John runs, John is a teacher, or John was hit by a car is the person or thing about whom the statement is made, in this case 'John'
direct object
Traditional grammar defines the object in a sentence as the entity that is acted upon by the subject
mood
A mood is an emotional state
passive
Passive voice is a grammatical voice common in many languages
subjunctive
The subjunctive in English is used to form sentences that do not describe known objective facts
antecedent
In grammar, an antecedent is an expression that gives its meaning to a pro-form
noun
A noun is a word that functions as the name of some specific thing or set of things, such as living creatures, objects, places, actions, qualities, states of existence, or ideas
pronoun
In linguistics and grammar, a pronoun is a word that substitutes for a noun or noun phrase
past tense
The past tense is a grammatical tense whose principal function is to place an action or situation in past time
present perfect tense
The present perfect is a grammatical combination of the present tense and the perfect aspect that is used to express a past event that has present consequences
collective nouns
In linguistics, a collective noun is a word which refers to a collection of things taken as a whole
indefinite pronoun
An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun that refers to non-specific beings, objects, or places
plural
The plural , in many languages, is one of the values of the grammatical category of number
personal pronoun
Personal pronouns are pronouns that are associated primarily with a particular grammatical person – first person , second person , or third person
compound subjects
A compound subject is two or more individual noun phrases coordinated to form a single, longer noun phrase

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