Copyright

Flashcards - NES General Science: Other Physiological Systems

Flashcards - NES General Science: Other Physiological Systems
1 / 25 0 0
Loading...
25 cards in set
Front
Back
organ
In music, the organ is a keyboard instrument of one or more pipe divisions, each played with its own keyboard, played either with the hands on a keyboard or with the feet using pedals
organ system
A biological system is a complex network of biologically relevant entities
villi
Intestinal villi are small, finger-like projections that extend into the lumen of the small intestine
connective tissue
Connective tissue is one of the four types of biological tissue that supports, connects or separates different types of tissues and organs in the body
extracellular matrix
In biology, the extracellular matrix is a collection of extracellular molecules secreted by cells that provides structural and biochemical support to the surrounding cells
cardiac muscle
Cardiac muscle is an involuntary, striated muscle that is found in the walls and histological foundation of the heart, specifically the myocardium
contract
A contract is a voluntary arrangement between two or more parties that is enforceable at law as a binding legal agreement
smooth muscle
Smooth muscle is an involuntary non-striated muscle
ulna
The ulna is one of the two long bones in the forearm
pharynx
The pharynx is the part of the throat that is behind the mouth and nasal cavity and above the oesophagus and the larynx, or the tubes going down to the stomach and the lungs
amylase
An amylase is an enzyme that catalyses the hydrolysis of starch into sugars
large intestine
The large intestine, or the large bowel, is the last part of the gastrointestinal tract and of the digestive system in vertebrates
kidneys
The kidneys are bean-shaped organs that serve several essential regulatory roles in vertebrates
liver
The liver is a vital organ of vertebrates and some other animals
medulla oblongata
The medulla oblongata is located in the hindbrain, anterior to the cerebellum
Chemoreceptors
A chemoreceptor, also known as chemosensor, is a sensory receptor that transduces a chemical signal into an action potential
stimulus
In physiology, a stimulus is a detectable change in the internal or external environment
organism
In biology, an organism is any contiguous living system, such as an animal, plant, fungus, archaeon, or bacterium
esophagus
The esophagus or oesophagus , commonly known as the food pipe or gullet, is an organ in vertebrates through which food passes, aided by peristaltic contractions, from the pharynx to the stomach
hydrochloric acid
Hydrochloric acid is a colorless, highly pungent solution of hydrogen chloride in water
urethra
In anatomy, the urethra is a tube that connects the urinary bladder to the urinary meatus for the removal of fluids from the body
larynx
The larynx /ˈlærɪŋks/ , commonly called the voice box, is an organ in the neck of tetrapods involved in breathing, sound production, and protecting the trachea against food aspiration
pepsin
Pepsin is an enzyme that breaks down proteins into smaller peptides
fats
Fat is one of the three main macronutrients, along with carbohydrate and protein
zymogens
A zymogen , also called a proenzyme , is an inactive precursor of an enzyme

To unlock this flashcard set you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member

Already a member? Log In

Support