Flashcards - NES General Science: Science & Society

Flashcards - NES General Science: Science & Society
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Galileo Galilei
Galileo Galilei was an Italian astronomer, physicist, engineer, philosopher, and mathematician who played a major role in the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century
heliocentric model
Heliocentrism, or heliocentricism, is the astronomical model in which the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun at the center of the Solar System
Isaac Newton
Sir Isaac Newton FRS was an English physicist and mathematician who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time and a key figure in the scientific revolution
Johannes Kepler
Johannes Kepler was a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer
scientific method
The scientific method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge
skepticism
Skepticism or scepticism is generally any questioning attitude or doubt towards one or more items of putative knowledge or belief
Science
Science is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe
genetically modified organisms
A genetically modified organism is any organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques
air
The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth's gravity
theory
Theory is a contemplative and rational type of abstract or generalizing thinking, or the results of such thinking
telescope
A telescope is an optical instrument that aids in the observation of remote objects by collecting electromagnetic radiation
Tycho Brahe
Tycho Brahe , born Tyge Ottesen Brahe , was a Danish nobleman known for his accurate and comprehensive astronomical and planetary observations
alchemy
Alchemy is a philosophical and protoscientific tradition practiced throughout Europe, Egypt and Asia
Paracelsus
Paracelsus , born Philippus Aureolus Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim, was a Swiss German philosopher, physician, botanist, astrologer, and general occultist
geocentric
In astronomy, the Geocentric model is a superseded description of the universe with the Earth at the center

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