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Flashcards - NES General Science: Scientific Inquiry

Flashcards - NES General Science: Scientific Inquiry
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hypothesis
A hypothesis is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon
natural law
Natural law is a philosophy that certain rights or values are inherent by virtue of human nature and can be universally understood through human reason
Science
Science is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe
scientific method
The scientific method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge
analysis
Analysis is the process of breaking a complex topic or substance into smaller parts in order to gain a better understanding of it
experiment
An experiment is a procedure carried out to support, refute, or validate a hypothesis
convenience sample
Convenience sampling is a type of non-probability sampling that involves the sample being drawn from that part of the population that is close to hand
population
A population is a summation of all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding
sample
In statistics and quantitative research methodology, a data sample is a set of data collected and/or selected from a statistical population by a defined procedure
variable
In elementary mathematics, a variable is an alphabetic character representing a number, called the value of the variable, which is either arbitrary or not fully specified or unknown
Inductive reasoning
Inductive reasoning is reasoning in which the premises are viewed as supplying strong evidence for the truth of the conclusion
theory
Theory is a contemplative and rational type of abstract or generalizing thinking, or the results of such thinking
observations
Observation is the active acquisition of information from a primary source
Simple random sampling
In statistics, a simple random sample is a subset of individuals chosen from a larger set
Stratified sampling
In statistics, stratified sampling is a method of sampling from a population
television
Television or TV is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome , or in color, and in two or three dimensions and sound
pseudoscience
Pseudoscience is a term used to describe a claim, belief, or practice presented as scientific, but which does not adhere to the scientific method

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