Flashcards - Nutrition & the Digestive System

Flashcards - Nutrition & the Digestive System
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pepsin
Pepsin is an enzyme that breaks down proteins into smaller peptides
fats
Fat is one of the three main macronutrients, along with carbohydrate and protein
zymogens
A zymogen , also called a proenzyme , is an inactive precursor of an enzyme
gallbladder
In vertebrates the gallbladder is a small organ where bile is stored and concentrated before it is released into the small intestine
hematochezia
Haematochezia is the passage of fresh blood through the anus, usually in or with stools
melena
In medicine, melena or melæna refers to the black "tarry" feces that are associated with upper gastrointestinal bleeding

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