Flashcards - Organic Chemistry & Biochemistry

Flashcards - Organic Chemistry & Biochemistry
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organic compound
An organic compound is any member of a large class of gaseous, liquid, or solid chemical compounds whose molecules contain carbon
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Two double bonds
A double bond in chemistry is a chemical bond between two chemical elements involving four bonding electrons instead of the usual two
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nucleic acid
Nucleic acids are biopolymers, or large biomolecules, essential for all known forms of life
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Proteins
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues
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saturated
A saturated fat is a type of fat, in which the fatty acids all have single bonds
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glycogen
Glycogen is a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in animals and fungi
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Glucose
Glucose is a sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6
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redox
Redox is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed
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reactants
A reagent /riˈeɪdʒənt/ is a substance or compound added to a system to cause a chemical reaction, or added to see if a reaction occurs
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hydrocarbons
In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon, and thus are group 14 hydrides
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functional group
In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific groups of atoms or bonds within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules
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carboxylic acid
A carboxylic acid /ËŒkÉ‘Ë?rbÉ’kˈsɪlɪk/ is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group
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carboxylic acid
A carboxylic acid /ËŒkÉ‘Ë?rbÉ’kˈsɪlɪk/ is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group
functional group
In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific groups of atoms or bonds within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules
hydrocarbons
In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon, and thus are group 14 hydrides
reactants
A reagent /riˈeɪdʒənt/ is a substance or compound added to a system to cause a chemical reaction, or added to see if a reaction occurs
redox
Redox is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed
Glucose
Glucose is a sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6
glycogen
Glycogen is a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in animals and fungi
saturated
A saturated fat is a type of fat, in which the fatty acids all have single bonds
Proteins
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues
nucleic acid
Nucleic acids are biopolymers, or large biomolecules, essential for all known forms of life
Two double bonds
A double bond in chemistry is a chemical bond between two chemical elements involving four bonding electrons instead of the usual two
organic compound
An organic compound is any member of a large class of gaseous, liquid, or solid chemical compounds whose molecules contain carbon
reaction
A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another
monosaccharides
Monosaccharides , also called simple sugars, are the most basic units of carbohydrates
ribonucleic acid
Ribonucleic acid is a polymeric molecule essential in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes
alkyl halide
The haloalkanes are a group of chemical compounds derived from alkanes containing one or more halogens
monomer
A monomer is a molecule that may bind chemically or supramolecularly to other molecules to form a polymer
polymer
A polymer is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits
polymerization
In polymer chemistry, polymerization is a process of reacting monomer molecules together in a chemical reaction to form polymer chains or three-dimensional networks
substitution reaction
Substitution reaction is a chemical reaction during which one functional group in a chemical compound is replaced by another functional group
isomers
An isomer is a molecule with the same molecular formula as another molecule, but with a different chemical structure
methyl group
A methyl group is an alkyl derived from methane, containing one carbon atom bonded to three hydrogen atoms - CH3
disaccharides
A disaccharide is the sugar formed when two monosaccharides are joined
nucleotides
Nucleotides are organic molecules that serve as the monomers, or subunits, of nucleic acids like DNA and RNA

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