Flashcards - Organism Classification & Phylogenesis

Flashcards - Organism Classification & Phylogenesis
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clade
A clade is a group of organisms that consists of a common ancestor and all its lineal descendants, and represents a single "branch" on the "tree of life"
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Plants
Plants, also called green plants, are multicellular eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae
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fungus-like protists
Protists are the members of an informal grouping of diverse eukaryotic organisms that are not animals, plants or fungi
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paraphyletic
In taxonomy, a group is paraphyletic if it consists of the group's last common ancestor and all descendants of that ancestor excluding a few-typically only one or two-monophyletic subgroups
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morphology
In linguistics, morphology is the study of words, how they are formed, and their relationship to other words in the same language
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morphology
In linguistics, morphology is the study of words, how they are formed, and their relationship to other words in the same language
paraphyletic
In taxonomy, a group is paraphyletic if it consists of the group's last common ancestor and all descendants of that ancestor excluding a few-typically only one or two-monophyletic subgroups
fungus-like protists
Protists are the members of an informal grouping of diverse eukaryotic organisms that are not animals, plants or fungi
Plants
Plants, also called green plants, are multicellular eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae
clade
A clade is a group of organisms that consists of a common ancestor and all its lineal descendants, and represents a single "branch" on the "tree of life"
cladograms
A cladogram is a diagram used in cladistics which shows relations among organisms
Archaebacteria
The Archaea constitute a domain and kingdom of single-celled microorganisms
protophyta
The thallophytes are a polyphyletic group of non-mobile organisms traditionally described as "thalloid plants", "relatively simple plants" or "lower plants"
Animals
Animals are multicellular, eukaryotic organisms of the kingdom Animalia
vertebrates
Vertebrates /ˈvÉœË?rtáµ»bráµ»ts/ comprise all species of animals within the subphylum Vertebrata /-É‘Ë?/

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