Flashcards - Overview of Cognitive Development

Flashcards - Overview of Cognitive Development
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procedural memories
Procedural memory is a type of implicit memory and long-term memory which aids the performance of particular types of tasks without conscious awareness of these previous experiences
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episodic memory
Episodic memory is the memory of autobiographical events that can be explicitly stated
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Echoic memory
Echoic memory is one of the sensory memory registers; a component of sensory memory that is specific to retaining auditory information
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you encode information in your brain for storage
Memory has the ability to encode, store and recall information
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cognitive abilities
\"Cognition\" is \"the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses
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middle age
Middle age is the period of age beyond young adulthood but before the onset of old age
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schema
In psychology and cognitive science, a schema describes a pattern of thought or behavior that organizes categories of information and the relationships among them
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zone of proximal development
The zone of proximal development, often abbreviated as ZPD, is the difference between what a learner can do without help and what he or she can do with help
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zone of proximal development
The zone of proximal development, often abbreviated as ZPD, is the difference between what a learner can do without help and what he or she can do with help
schema
In psychology and cognitive science, a schema describes a pattern of thought or behavior that organizes categories of information and the relationships among them
middle age
Middle age is the period of age beyond young adulthood but before the onset of old age
cognitive abilities
\"Cognition\" is \"the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses
you encode information in your brain for storage
Memory has the ability to encode, store and recall information
Echoic memory
Echoic memory is one of the sensory memory registers; a component of sensory memory that is specific to retaining auditory information
episodic memory
Episodic memory is the memory of autobiographical events that can be explicitly stated
procedural memories
Procedural memory is a type of implicit memory and long-term memory which aids the performance of particular types of tasks without conscious awareness of these previous experiences
visual memory
Visual memory describes the relationship between perceptual processing and the encoding, storage and retrieval of the resulting neural representations
chunking
Chunking in psychology is a process by which individual pieces of information are bound together into a meaningful whole
choice-supportive bias
In cognitive science, choice-supportive bias is the tendency to retroactively ascribe positive attributes to an option one has selected
misinformation effect
The misinformation effect happens when a person's recall of episodic memories becomes less accurate because of post-event information
information processing
Information processing is the change of information in any manner detectable by an observer
egocentrism
Egocentrism is the inability to differentiate between self and other
crystallized intelligence
In psychology, fluid and crystallized intelligence are factors of general intelligence, originally identified by Raymond Cattell
long-term memory
Long-term memory is the final stage of the dual memory model proposed in the Atkinson-Shiffrin memory model, in which information can be stored for long periods of time
Hermann Ebbinghaus
Hermann Ebbinghaus was a German psychologist who pioneered the experimental study of memory, and is known for his discovery of the forgetting curve and the spacing effect

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