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Flashcards - Overview of Plant Physiology

Flashcards - Overview of Plant Physiology
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pressure
Pressure is the force applied perpendicular to the surface of an object per unit area over which that force is distributed
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turgor pressure
Turgor pressure pushes the plasma membrane against the cell wall of plant, bacteria, and fungus cells as well as those protist cells which have cell walls
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symplast
The symplast of a plant is the inner side of the plasma membrane in which water and low-molecular-weight solutes can freely diffuse
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plasmodesmata
Plasmodesmata are microscopic channels which traverse the cell walls of plant cells and some algal cells, enabling transport and communication between them
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apoplast
Within a plant, the apoplast is the space outside the plasma membrane within which material can diffuse freely
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apoplast
Within a plant, the apoplast is the space outside the plasma membrane within which material can diffuse freely
plasmodesmata
Plasmodesmata are microscopic channels which traverse the cell walls of plant cells and some algal cells, enabling transport and communication between them
symplast
The symplast of a plant is the inner side of the plasma membrane in which water and low-molecular-weight solutes can freely diffuse
turgor pressure
Turgor pressure pushes the plasma membrane against the cell wall of plant, bacteria, and fungus cells as well as those protist cells which have cell walls
pressure
Pressure is the force applied perpendicular to the surface of an object per unit area over which that force is distributed
water potential
Water potential is the potential energy of water per unit volume relative to pure water in reference conditions
mutualistic
Mutualism is the way two organisms of different species exist in a relationship in which each individual benefits from the activity of the other
ATP synthase
ATP synthase is an important enzyme that creates the energy storage molecule adenosine triphosphate
morphogenesis
Morphogenesis is the biological process that causes an organism to develop its shape
Ethylene
Ethylene is a hydrocarbon which has the formula C2H4 or H2C=CH2

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