Flashcards - Overview of Water Cycle & Balance

Flashcards - Overview of Water Cycle & Balance
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bajada
A bajada consists of a series of coalescing alluvial fans along a mountain front
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alluvium
Alluvium is loose, unconsolidated soil or sediments, which has been eroded, reshaped by water in some form, and redeposited in a non-marine setting
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permeability
In electromagnetism, permeability is the measure of the ability of a material to support the formation of a magnetic field within itself
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evaporate
Evaporation is a type of vaporization of a liquid that occurs from the surface of a liquid into a gaseous phase that is not saturated with the evaporating substance
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Deposition
In the law of the United States, a deposition is the out-of-court oral testimony of a witness that is reduced to writing for later use in court or for discovery purposes
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saturated
A saturated fat is a type of fat, in which the fatty acids all have single bonds
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relative humidity
Relative humidity is the ratio of the partial pressure of water vapor to the equilibrium vapor pressure of water at a given temperature
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Humidity
Humidity is the amount of water vapor in the air
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dew point
Dew point is the highest temperature at which airborne water vapor will condense to form liquid dew
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water cycle
The water cycle, also known as the hydrological cycle or the H2O cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth
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hydrosphere
The hydrosphere is the combined mass of water found on, under, and above the surface of a planet
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hydrosphere
The hydrosphere is the combined mass of water found on, under, and above the surface of a planet
water cycle
The water cycle, also known as the hydrological cycle or the H2O cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth
dew point
Dew point is the highest temperature at which airborne water vapor will condense to form liquid dew
Humidity
Humidity is the amount of water vapor in the air
relative humidity
Relative humidity is the ratio of the partial pressure of water vapor to the equilibrium vapor pressure of water at a given temperature
saturated
A saturated fat is a type of fat, in which the fatty acids all have single bonds
Deposition
In the law of the United States, a deposition is the out-of-court oral testimony of a witness that is reduced to writing for later use in court or for discovery purposes
evaporate
Evaporation is a type of vaporization of a liquid that occurs from the surface of a liquid into a gaseous phase that is not saturated with the evaporating substance
permeability
In electromagnetism, permeability is the measure of the ability of a material to support the formation of a magnetic field within itself
alluvium
Alluvium is loose, unconsolidated soil or sediments, which has been eroded, reshaped by water in some form, and redeposited in a non-marine setting
bajada
A bajada consists of a series of coalescing alluvial fans along a mountain front
aquifers
An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials from which groundwater can be extracted using a water well
magnitude
The Richter magnitude scale assigns a magnitude number to quantify the size of an earthquake
Glaciers
A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation over many years, often centuries
Surface water
Surface water is water on the surface of the planet such as in a river, lake, wetland, or ocean
porosity
Porosity or void fraction is a measure of the void spaces in a material, and is a fraction of the volume of voids over the total volume, between 0 and 1, or as a percentage between 0 and 100%
drainage divide
A drainage divide, water divide, divide, ridgeline, watershed, water parting, or height of land, is the line that separates neighbouring drainage basins
streamflow
Streamflow, or channel runoff, is the flow of water in streams, rivers, and other channels, and is a major element of the water cycle
sinkhole
A sinkhole, also known as a cenote, sink, sink-hole, shakehole, swallet, swallow hole, or doline , is a depression or hole in the ground caused by some form of collapse of the surface layer
water table
The water table is the surface where the water pressure head is equal to the atmospheric pressure
subsidence
Subsidence is the motion of a surface as it shifts downward relative to a datum such as sea-level
erosion
In earth science, erosion is the action of surface processes that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it away to another location
Groundwater
Groundwater is the water present beneath Earth's surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations

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