Flashcards - Physical Features of the Earth

Flashcards - Physical Features of the Earth
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river
A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river
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reservoirs
A reservoir is a storage space for fluids
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meanders
A meander, in general, is a bend in a sinuous watercourse or river
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sea
A sea is a large body of salt water that is surrounded in whole or in part by land
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ocean
An ocean is a body of saline water that composes much of a planet's hydrosphere
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People
A people is a plurality of persons considered as a whole, as is the case with an ethnic group or nation
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Glaciers
A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation over many years, often centuries
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weathering
Weathering is the breaking down of rocks, soil and minerals as well as wood and artificial materials through contact with the Earth's atmosphere, waters and biological organisms
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faults
In geology, a fault is a planar fracture or discontinuity in a volume of rock, across which there has been significant displacement as a result of rock mass movement
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faults
In geology, a fault is a planar fracture or discontinuity in a volume of rock, across which there has been significant displacement as a result of rock mass movement
weathering
Weathering is the breaking down of rocks, soil and minerals as well as wood and artificial materials through contact with the Earth's atmosphere, waters and biological organisms
Glaciers
A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation over many years, often centuries
People
A people is a plurality of persons considered as a whole, as is the case with an ethnic group or nation
ocean
An ocean is a body of saline water that composes much of a planet's hydrosphere
sea
A sea is a large body of salt water that is surrounded in whole or in part by land
meanders
A meander, in general, is a bend in a sinuous watercourse or river
reservoirs
A reservoir is a storage space for fluids
river
A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river
isthmus
An isthmus is a narrow piece of land connecting two larger areas across an expanse of water that otherwise separates them
Panama Canal
The Panama Canal is an artificial 48-mile waterway in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean
valley
A valley is a low area between hills, often with a river running through it
moraine
A moraine is any glacially formed accumulation of unconsolidated glacial debris that occurs in both currently and formerly glaciated regions on Earth , through geomorphological processes
hot spots
In geology, the places known as hotspots or hot spots are volcanic regions thought to be fed by underlying mantle that is anomalously hot compared with the surrounding mantle
island arc
An island arc is a type of archipelago, often composed of a chain of volcanoes, with arc-shaped alignment, situated parallel and close to a boundary between two converging tectonic plates
lithosphere
A lithosphere is the rigid, outermost shell of a terrestrial-type planet or natural satellite that is defined by its rigid mechanical properties
mountains
A mountain is a large landform that stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area, usually in the form of a peak
erosion
In earth science, erosion is the action of surface processes that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it away to another location
Water
Water is a transparent and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms

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