Flashcards - Physical Geography

Flashcards - Physical Geography
1/30 (missed) 0 0
Create Your Account To Continue Studying

As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 79,000 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed.

Try it risk-free
Try it risk-free for 30 days. Cancel anytime
Already registered? Log in here for access
Weather
Weather is the state of the atmosphere, to the degree that it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy
Got it
rain shadow
A rain shadow is a dry area on the leeward side of a mountainous area
Got it
water cycle
The water cycle, also known as the hydrological cycle or the H2O cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth
Got it
tsunami
A tsunami , also known as a seismic sea wave, is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake
Got it
weathering
Weathering is the breaking down of rocks, soil and minerals as well as wood and artificial materials through contact with the Earth's atmosphere, waters and biological organisms
Got it
People
A people is a plurality of persons considered as a whole, as is the case with an ethnic group or nation
Got it
Glaciers
A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation over many years, often centuries
Got it
plates

Plates are chunks of the Earth's crust that float on top of the molten mantle.

Got it
faults
In geology, a fault is a planar fracture or discontinuity in a volume of rock, across which there has been significant displacement as a result of rock mass movement
Got it
hydrosphere
The hydrosphere is the combined mass of water found on, under, and above the surface of a planet
Got it
biosphere
The biosphere is the global sum of all ecosystems
Got it
ecosystem
An ecosystem is a community of living organisms in conjunction with the nonliving components of their environment , interacting as a system
Got it
biotic
Biotic components are the living things that shape an ecosystem
Got it
greenhouse effect
The greenhouse effect is the process by which radiation from a planet's atmosphere warms the planet's surface to a temperature above what it would be without its atmosphere
Got it
atmosphere
An atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body
Got it

Ready to move on?

or choose a specific lesson: See all lessons in this chapter
30 cards in set
Front
Back
atmosphere
An atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body
greenhouse effect
The greenhouse effect is the process by which radiation from a planet's atmosphere warms the planet's surface to a temperature above what it would be without its atmosphere
biotic
Biotic components are the living things that shape an ecosystem
ecosystem
An ecosystem is a community of living organisms in conjunction with the nonliving components of their environment , interacting as a system
biosphere
The biosphere is the global sum of all ecosystems
hydrosphere
The hydrosphere is the combined mass of water found on, under, and above the surface of a planet
faults
In geology, a fault is a planar fracture or discontinuity in a volume of rock, across which there has been significant displacement as a result of rock mass movement
plates

Plates are chunks of the Earth's crust that float on top of the molten mantle.

Glaciers
A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation over many years, often centuries
People
A people is a plurality of persons considered as a whole, as is the case with an ethnic group or nation
weathering
Weathering is the breaking down of rocks, soil and minerals as well as wood and artificial materials through contact with the Earth's atmosphere, waters and biological organisms
tsunami
A tsunami , also known as a seismic sea wave, is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake
water cycle
The water cycle, also known as the hydrological cycle or the H2O cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth
rain shadow
A rain shadow is a dry area on the leeward side of a mountainous area
Weather
Weather is the state of the atmosphere, to the degree that it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy
topography
Topography is the study of the shape and features of the surface of the Earth and other observable astronomical objects including planets, moons, and asteroids
stratosphere
The stratosphere is the second major layer of Earth's atmosphere, just above the troposphere, and below the mesosphere
troposphere
The troposphere is the lowest portion of Earth's atmosphere, and is also where all weather takes place
air mass
In meteorology, an air mass is a volume of air defined by its temperature and water vapor content
cold front
A cold front is defined as the leading edge of a cooler mass of air, replacing at ground level a warmer mass of air, which lies within a fairly sharp surface trough of low pressure
occluded front
An occluded front is formed during the process of cyclogenesis when a cold front overtakes a warm front
stationary front
A stationary front is a pair of air masses, neither of which is strong enough to replace the other
climograph
A climograph is a graphical representation of basic climatic parameters, that is monthly average temperature and precipitation, at a certain location
Deserts
A desert is a barren area of land where little precipitation occurs and consequently living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life
divergent boundary
In plate tectonics, a divergent boundary or divergent plate boundary is a linear feature that exists between two tectonic plates that are moving away from each other
subduction
Subduction is a geological process that takes place at convergent boundaries of tectonic plates where one plate moves under another and is forced down into the mantle
valley
A valley is a low area between hills, often with a river running through it
erosion
In earth science, erosion is the action of surface processes that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it away to another location
Water
Water is a transparent and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms
mountains
A mountain is a large landform that stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area, usually in the form of a peak

To unlock this flashcard set you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member

Already a member? Log In

Support