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Flashcards - Plant Structures & Systems

Flashcards - Plant Structures & Systems
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pollen grains
Pollen is a fine to coarse powdery substance comprising pollen grains which are male microgametophytes of seed plants, which produce male gametes
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ovary
The ovary is an ovum-producing reproductive organ, often found in pairs in the female as part of the vertebrate female reproductive system
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shoot system
In botany, shoots consist of stems including their appendages, the leaves and lateral buds, flowering stems and flower buds
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cuticle
A cuticle /ˈkjuË?tɪkÉ™l/, or cuticula, is any of a variety of tough but flexible, non-mineral outer coverings of an organism, or parts of an organism, that provide protection
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dicot
The dicotyledons, also known as dicots , were one of the two groups into which all the flowering plants or angiosperms were formerly divided
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taproot
In a plant with a taproot system, the taproot is the largest, most central, and most dominant root from which other roots sprout laterally
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taproot
In a plant with a taproot system, the taproot is the largest, most central, and most dominant root from which other roots sprout laterally
dicot
The dicotyledons, also known as dicots , were one of the two groups into which all the flowering plants or angiosperms were formerly divided
cuticle
A cuticle /ˈkjuË?tɪkÉ™l/, or cuticula, is any of a variety of tough but flexible, non-mineral outer coverings of an organism, or parts of an organism, that provide protection
shoot system
In botany, shoots consist of stems including their appendages, the leaves and lateral buds, flowering stems and flower buds
ovary
The ovary is an ovum-producing reproductive organ, often found in pairs in the female as part of the vertebrate female reproductive system
pollen grains
Pollen is a fine to coarse powdery substance comprising pollen grains which are male microgametophytes of seed plants, which produce male gametes
accessory fruit
An accessory fruit is a fruit in which some of the flesh is derived not from the ovary but from some adjacent tissue exterior to the carpel
Parthenocarpic
In botany and horticulture, parthenocarpy is the natural or artificially induced production of fruit without fertilization of ovules
phylogenetic classification system
Phylogenetic nomenclature, often called cladistic nomenclature, is a method of nomenclature for taxa in biology that uses phylogenetic definitions for taxon names as explained below
cambium region
The vascular cambium is a plant tissue located between the xylem and the phloem in the stem of a vascular plant
Meristematic tissues
A meristem is the tissue in most plants containing undifferentiated cells , found in zones of the plant where growth can take place
dermal tissue system
The epidermis is a single layer of cells that covers the leaves, flowers, roots and stems of plants
Monocotyledons
Monocotyledons , commonly referred to as monocots, are flowering plants whose seeds typically contain only one embryonic leaf, or cotyledon

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