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Flashcards - Population and the Environment

Flashcards - Population and the Environment
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industrial period
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840
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biotic potential
Biotic potential is described by the unrestricted growth of populations resulting in the maximum growth of that population
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population growth rate
In biology, population growth is the increase in the number of individuals in a population
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death rate
Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time
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natural resources
Natural resources are resources that exist without actions of humankind
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megacities
A megacity is usually defined as a metropolitan area with a total population in excess of ten million people
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Poverty
Poverty is epidemic dearth, or the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money
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infant mortality rate
Infant mortality refers to deaths of young children, typically those less than one year of age
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population
A population is a summation of all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding
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emigration
Emigration is the act of leaving one's resident country with the intent to settle elsewhere
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emigration
Emigration is the act of leaving one's resident country with the intent to settle elsewhere
population
A population is a summation of all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding
infant mortality rate
Infant mortality refers to deaths of young children, typically those less than one year of age
Poverty
Poverty is epidemic dearth, or the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money
megacities
A megacity is usually defined as a metropolitan area with a total population in excess of ten million people
natural resources
Natural resources are resources that exist without actions of humankind
death rate
Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time
population growth rate
In biology, population growth is the increase in the number of individuals in a population
biotic potential
Biotic potential is described by the unrestricted growth of populations resulting in the maximum growth of that population
industrial period
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840
economic inequality
Economic inequality is the difference found in various measures of economic well-being among individuals in a group, among groups in a population, or among countries
per capita income
Per capita income or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year
birth rates
The birth rate is the total number of live births per 1,000 of a population in a year
urban area
An urban area is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment
ecological footprint
An ecological footprint is a measure of human impact on Earth's ecosystems
compact development
The compact city or city of short distances is an urban planning and urban design concept, which promotes relatively high residential density with mixed land uses
overconsumption
Overconsumption is a situation where resource use has outpaced the sustainable capacity of the ecosystem
overpopulation
Overpopulation occurs when a species' population exceeds the carrying capacity of its ecological niche
Demography
Demography is the statistical study of populations, especially human beings
population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density

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