Flashcards - Praxis Early Childhood Education: Data & Statistics

Flashcards - Praxis Early Childhood Education: Data & Statistics
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inference
Inferences are steps in reasoning, moving from premises to conclusions
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Interviews
An interview is a conversation where questions are asked and answers are given
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Assessments
A test or examination is an assessment intended to measure a test-taker's knowledge, skill, aptitude, physical fitness, or classification in many other topics
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statistical significance
In statistical hypothesis testing, statistical significance is attained whenever the observed p-value of a test statistic is less than the significance level defined for the study
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standard deviation
In statistics, the standard deviation is a measure that is used to quantify the amount of variation or dispersion of a set of data values
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outlier
In statistics, an outlier is an observation point that is distant from other observations
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mode
The mode is the value that appears most often in a set of data
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median
The median is the value separating the higher half of a data sample, a population, or a probability distribution, from the lower half
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mean
In mathematics, mean has several different definitions depending on the context
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hypothesis
A hypothesis is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon
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hypothesis
A hypothesis is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon
mean
In mathematics, mean has several different definitions depending on the context
median
The median is the value separating the higher half of a data sample, a population, or a probability distribution, from the lower half
mode
The mode is the value that appears most often in a set of data
outlier
In statistics, an outlier is an observation point that is distant from other observations
standard deviation
In statistics, the standard deviation is a measure that is used to quantify the amount of variation or dispersion of a set of data values
statistical significance
In statistical hypothesis testing, statistical significance is attained whenever the observed p-value of a test statistic is less than the significance level defined for the study
Assessments
A test or examination is an assessment intended to measure a test-taker's knowledge, skill, aptitude, physical fitness, or classification in many other topics
Interviews
An interview is a conversation where questions are asked and answers are given
inference
Inferences are steps in reasoning, moving from premises to conclusions
quantitative
In natural sciences and social sciences, quantitative research is the systematic empirical investigation of observable phenomena via statistical, mathematical or computational techniques
line graph
In the mathematical discipline of graph theory, the line graph of an undirected graph G is another graph L that represents the adjacencies between edges of G
scientific method
The scientific method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge
dispersion
In optics, dispersion is the phenomenon in which the phase velocity of a wave depends on its frequency
Bar charts
A bar chart or bar graph is a chart that presents grouped data with rectangular bars with lengths proportional to the values that they represent
pie chart
A pie chart is a circular statistical graphic, which is divided into slices to illustrate numerical proportion
table
A table is a collection of related data held in a structured format within a database
data
Data is a set of values of qualitative or quantitative variables
descriptive
In the study of language, description or descriptive linguistics is the work of objectively analyzing and describing how language is actually used by a group of people in a speech community
flow chart
A flowchart is a type of diagram that uses an algorithm, workflow or process, showing the steps as boxes of various kinds, and their order by connecting them with arrows

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