Flashcards - Praxis Early Childhood Education: Grammar

Flashcards - Praxis Early Childhood Education: Grammar
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future tense
In grammar, a future tense is a verb form that generally marks the event described by the verb as not having happened yet, but expected to happen in the future
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article
An article is a word that is used alongside a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun
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adverb
An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, another adverb, determiner, noun phrase, clause, or sentence
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adjective
In linguistics, an adjective is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified
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action verb
A verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word that in syntax conveys an action , an occurrence , or a state of being
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antecedent
In grammar, an antecedent is an expression that gives its meaning to a pro-form
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subject
The subject in a simple English sentence such as John runs, John is a teacher, or John was hit by a car is the person or thing about whom the statement is made, in this case 'John'
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pronoun
In linguistics and grammar, a pronoun is a word that substitutes for a noun or noun phrase
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object
Traditional grammar defines the object in a sentence as the entity that is acted upon by the subject
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noun
A noun is a word that functions as the name of some specific thing or set of things, such as living creatures, objects, places, actions, qualities, states of existence, or ideas
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noun
A noun is a word that functions as the name of some specific thing or set of things, such as living creatures, objects, places, actions, qualities, states of existence, or ideas
object
Traditional grammar defines the object in a sentence as the entity that is acted upon by the subject
pronoun
In linguistics and grammar, a pronoun is a word that substitutes for a noun or noun phrase
subject
The subject in a simple English sentence such as John runs, John is a teacher, or John was hit by a car is the person or thing about whom the statement is made, in this case 'John'
antecedent
In grammar, an antecedent is an expression that gives its meaning to a pro-form
action verb
A verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word that in syntax conveys an action , an occurrence , or a state of being
adjective
In linguistics, an adjective is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified
adverb
An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, another adverb, determiner, noun phrase, clause, or sentence
article
An article is a word that is used alongside a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun
future tense
In grammar, a future tense is a verb form that generally marks the event described by the verb as not having happened yet, but expected to happen in the future
compound subject
A compound subject is two or more individual noun phrases coordinated to form a single, longer noun phrase
personal pronoun
Personal pronouns are pronouns that are associated primarily with a particular grammatical person – first person , second person , or third person
plural
The plural , in many languages, is one of the values of the grammatical category of number
Relative pronouns
A relative pronoun marks a relative clause; it has the same referent in the main clause of a sentence that the relative modifies
part of speech
A part of speech is a category of words which have similar grammatical properties
Indefinite pronouns
An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun that refers to non-specific beings, objects, or places
auxiliary verb
An auxiliary verb is a verb that adds functional or grammatical meaning to the clause in which it appears, such as to express tense, aspect, modality, voice, emphasis, etc
past tense
The past tense is a grammatical tense whose principal function is to place an action or situation in past time
present perfect tense
The present perfect is a grammatical combination of the present tense and the perfect aspect that is used to express a past event that has present consequences
modifier
In grammar, a modifier is an optional element in phrase structure or clause structure

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