Flashcards - Praxis Middle School Science: Technology & Society

Flashcards - Praxis Middle School Science: Technology & Society
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DNA plasmid
A plasmid is a small DNA molecule within a cell that is physically separated from a chromosomal DNA and can replicate independently
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GMOs
A genetically modified organism is any organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques
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vector

This describes some physical mechanism that will transfer recombinant DNA into the host. These are most commonly plasmids.

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host
A network host is a computer or other device connected to a computer network
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radioactive substance
Radioactive decay is the process by which the nucleus of an unstable atom loses energy by emitting radiation, including alpha particles, beta particles, gamma rays, and conversion electrons
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radioactive substance
Radioactive decay is the process by which the nucleus of an unstable atom loses energy by emitting radiation, including alpha particles, beta particles, gamma rays, and conversion electrons
host
A network host is a computer or other device connected to a computer network
vector

This describes some physical mechanism that will transfer recombinant DNA into the host. These are most commonly plasmids.

GMOs
A genetically modified organism is any organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques
DNA plasmid
A plasmid is a small DNA molecule within a cell that is physically separated from a chromosomal DNA and can replicate independently
multiple cloning site
A multiple cloning site , also called a polylinker, is a short segment of DNA which contains many restriction sites - a standard feature of engineered plasmids
origin of replication
The origin of replication is a particular sequence in a genome at which replication is initiated
selectable marker
A selectable marker is a gene introduced into a cell, especially a bacterium or to cells in culture, that confers a trait suitable for artificial selection
Radiation
In physics, radiation is the emission or transmission of energy in the form of waves or particles through space or through a material medium
Genetic engineering
Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genome using biotechnology

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