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Flashcards - Prokaryotic Cells for the MCAT: Help and Review

Flashcards - Prokaryotic Cells for the MCAT: Help and Review
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recombination
Genetic recombination is the production of offspring with combinations of traits that differ from those found in either parent
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endospores
An endospore is a dormant, tough, and non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria from the Firmicute phylum
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flagellum
A flagellum is a lash-like appendage that protrudes from the cell body of certain prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
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7 cards in set
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flagellum
A flagellum is a lash-like appendage that protrudes from the cell body of certain prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
endospores
An endospore is a dormant, tough, and non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria from the Firmicute phylum
recombination
Genetic recombination is the production of offspring with combinations of traits that differ from those found in either parent
ATP synthase
ATP synthase is an important enzyme that creates the energy storage molecule adenosine triphosphate
auxotroph
Auxotrophy is the inability of an organism to synthesize a particular organic compound required for its growth
Gram negative bacteria
Gram-negative bacteria are a group of bacteria that do not retain the crystal violet stain used in the Gram staining method of bacterial differentiation
hydrophilic
A hydrophile is a molecule or other molecular entity that is attracted to water molecules and tends to be dissolved by water

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