Flashcards - Protein's Role in Nutrition

Flashcards - Protein's Role in Nutrition
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amino acids
Amino acids are biologically important organic compounds containing amine and carboxylic acid functional groups, along with a side-chain specific to each amino acid
Proteins
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues
essential amino acids
An essential amino acid, or indispensable amino acid, is an amino acid that cannot be synthesized de novo by the organism, and thus must be supplied in its diet
legumes
A legume is a plant or fruit/seed in the family Fabaceae
complete protein
A complete protein is a source of protein that contains an adequate proportion of all nine of the essential amino acids necessary for the dietary needs of humans or other animals
protein turnover
Protein turnover is the balance between protein synthesis and protein degradation

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