Flashcards - Review of Inorganic Chemistry For Biologists

Flashcards - Review of Inorganic Chemistry For Biologists
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solution
In chemistry, a solution is a homogeneous mixture composed of two or more substances
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reactants
A reagent /riˈeɪdʒənt/ is a substance or compound added to a system to cause a chemical reaction, or added to see if a reaction occurs
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neutralization reaction
In chemistry, neutralization or neutralisation , is a chemical reaction in which an acid and a base react quantitatively with each other
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chemical equilibrium
In a chemical reaction, chemical equilibrium is the state in which both reactants and products are present in concentrations which have no further tendency to change with time
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acid
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron , or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair
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crystalline structure
In crystallography, crystal structure is a description of the ordered arrangement of atoms, ions or molecules in a crystalline material
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dipole
In electromagnetism, there are two kinds of dipoles: * An electric dipole is a separation of positive and negative charges
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bond

a force that holds atoms or ions together, may be ionic, covalent or metallic

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ionic bond
Ionic bonding is a type of chemical bond that involves the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions, and is the primary interaction occurring in ionic compounds
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molecule
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds
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proton
A proton is a subatomic particle, symbol p or p+, with a positive electric charge of +1e elementary charge and mass slightly less than that of a neutron
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element

a substance that is made up of a single type of atom, such as oxygen, sulfur, or anything you can find on the periodic table

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atom
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has the properties of a chemical element
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atom
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has the properties of a chemical element
element

a substance that is made up of a single type of atom, such as oxygen, sulfur, or anything you can find on the periodic table

proton
A proton is a subatomic particle, symbol p or p+, with a positive electric charge of +1e elementary charge and mass slightly less than that of a neutron
molecule
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds
ionic bond
Ionic bonding is a type of chemical bond that involves the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions, and is the primary interaction occurring in ionic compounds
bond

a force that holds atoms or ions together, may be ionic, covalent or metallic

dipole
In electromagnetism, there are two kinds of dipoles: * An electric dipole is a separation of positive and negative charges
crystalline structure
In crystallography, crystal structure is a description of the ordered arrangement of atoms, ions or molecules in a crystalline material
acid
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron , or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair
chemical equilibrium
In a chemical reaction, chemical equilibrium is the state in which both reactants and products are present in concentrations which have no further tendency to change with time
neutralization reaction
In chemistry, neutralization or neutralisation , is a chemical reaction in which an acid and a base react quantitatively with each other
reactants
A reagent /riˈeɪdʒənt/ is a substance or compound added to a system to cause a chemical reaction, or added to see if a reaction occurs
solution
In chemistry, a solution is a homogeneous mixture composed of two or more substances
solvent
A solvent is a substance that dissolves a solute , resulting in a solution
buffer
A buffer solution is an aqueous solution consisting of a mixture of a weak acid and its conjugate base, or vice versa
strong acid
The strength of an acid refers to its ability or tendency to lose a proton
diffusion
Diffusion is the net movement of molecules or atoms from a region of high concentration to a region of low concentration
saturated
A saturated fat is a type of fat, in which the fatty acids all have single bonds
supersaturated solution
Supersaturation is a state of a solution that contains more of the dissolved material than could be dissolved by the solvent under normal circumstances
reducing agent
A reducing agent is an element or compound that loses an electron to another chemical species in a redox chemical reaction
atomic nucleus
The nucleus is the small, dense region consisting of protons and neutrons at the center of an atom, discovered in 1911 by Ernest Rutherford based on the 1909 Geiger–Marsden gold foil experiment
neutron
The neutron is a subatomic particle, symbol n or n0, with no net electric charge and a mass slightly larger than that of a proton
electron shell
In chemistry and atomic physics, an electron shell, or a principal energy level, may be thought of as an orbit followed by electrons around an atom's nucleus
chemical bond
A chemical bond is a lasting attraction between atoms that enables the formation of chemical compounds
base

Any substance that ranks above 7 on the pH scale.

covalent bonding
A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms

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