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Flashcards - Scientific Data & Calculations

Flashcards - Scientific Data & Calculations
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population
A population is a summation of all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding
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parameter
A parameter , generally, is any characteristic that can help in defining or classifying a particular system
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range
In arithmetic, the range of a set of data is the difference between the largest and smallest values
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outlier
In statistics, an outlier is an observation point that is distant from other observations
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mode
The mode is the value that appears most often in a set of data
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median
The median is the value separating the higher half of a data sample, a population, or a probability distribution, from the lower half
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mean
In mathematics, mean has several different definitions depending on the context
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sample
In statistics and quantitative research methodology, a data sample is a set of data collected and/or selected from a statistical population by a defined procedure
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precision
Precision is a description of random errors, a measure of statistical variability
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scientific method
The scientific method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge
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line graph
In the mathematical discipline of graph theory, the line graph of an undirected graph G is another graph L that represents the adjacencies between edges of G
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line graph
In the mathematical discipline of graph theory, the line graph of an undirected graph G is another graph L that represents the adjacencies between edges of G
scientific method
The scientific method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge
precision
Precision is a description of random errors, a measure of statistical variability
sample
In statistics and quantitative research methodology, a data sample is a set of data collected and/or selected from a statistical population by a defined procedure
mean
In mathematics, mean has several different definitions depending on the context
median
The median is the value separating the higher half of a data sample, a population, or a probability distribution, from the lower half
mode
The mode is the value that appears most often in a set of data
outlier
In statistics, an outlier is an observation point that is distant from other observations
range
In arithmetic, the range of a set of data is the difference between the largest and smallest values
parameter
A parameter , generally, is any characteristic that can help in defining or classifying a particular system
population
A population is a summation of all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding
Bar charts
A bar chart or bar graph is a chart that presents grouped data with rectangular bars with lengths proportional to the values that they represent
pie chart
A pie chart is a circular statistical graphic, which is divided into slices to illustrate numerical proportion
table
A table is a collection of related data held in a structured format within a database
Scientific notation
Scientific notation is a way of expressing numbers that are too big or too small to be conveniently written in decimal form
significant figure
The significant figures of a number are digits that carry meaning contributing to its measurement resolution
liter
The litre or liter is an SI accepted metric system unit of volume equal to 1 cubic decimetre , 1,000 cubic centimetres or 1/1,000 cubic metre
deviations
In statistics, the standard deviation is a measure that is used to quantify the amount of variation or dispersion of a set of data values
flow chart
A flowchart is a type of diagram that uses an algorithm, workflow or process, showing the steps as boxes of various kinds, and their order by connecting them with arrows
degrees Celsius
Celsius, also known as centigrade, is a scale and unit of measurement for temperature
meter
The metre, or meter , is the base unit of length in the International System of Units
data
Data is a set of values of qualitative or quantitative variables
bimodal
In statistics, a bimodal distribution is a continuous probability distribution with two different modes

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