Flashcards - Society & Environmental Change

Flashcards - Society & Environmental Change
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aquifers
An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials from which groundwater can be extracted using a water well
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landfills
A landfill site is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial and is the oldest form of waste treatment
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ecology
Ecology is the scientific analysis and study of interactions among organisms and their environment
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irrigation
Irrigation is the method in which water is supplied to plants at regular intervals for agriculture
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agriculture
Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants and fungi for food, fiber, biofuel, medicinal plants and other products used to sustain and enhance human life
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carbon sink
A carbon sink is a natural or artificial reservoir that accumulates and stores some carbon-containing chemical compound for an indefinite period
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carbon sink
A carbon sink is a natural or artificial reservoir that accumulates and stores some carbon-containing chemical compound for an indefinite period
agriculture
Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants and fungi for food, fiber, biofuel, medicinal plants and other products used to sustain and enhance human life
irrigation
Irrigation is the method in which water is supplied to plants at regular intervals for agriculture
ecology
Ecology is the scientific analysis and study of interactions among organisms and their environment
landfills
A landfill site is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial and is the oldest form of waste treatment
aquifers
An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials from which groundwater can be extracted using a water well
global warming
Global warming and climate change are terms for the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects
greenhouse effect
The greenhouse effect is the process by which radiation from a planet's atmosphere warms the planet's surface to a temperature above what it would be without its atmosphere
overharvesting
Overexploitation, also called overharvesting, refers to harvesting a renewable resource to the point of diminishing returns
Cultural ecology
Cultural ecology is the study of human adaptations to social and physical environments
pollutant
A pollutant is a substance or energy introduced into the environment that has undesired effects, or adversely affects the usefulness of a resource
overpopulation
Overpopulation occurs when a species' population exceeds the carrying capacity of its ecological niche
pollution
Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change

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