Flashcards - Statistical Models & Processes

Flashcards - Statistical Models & Processes
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experiment
An experiment is a procedure carried out to support, refute, or validate a hypothesis
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nominal
Level of measurement or scale of measure is a classification that describes the nature of information within the numbers assigned to variables
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continuous
In mathematics, a continuous function is, roughly speaking, a function for which sufficiently small changes in the input result in arbitrarily small changes in the output
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parameter
A parameter , generally, is any characteristic that can help in defining or classifying a particular system
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sample
In statistics and quantitative research methodology, a data sample is a set of data collected and/or selected from a statistical population by a defined procedure
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population
A population is a summation of all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding
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13 cards in set
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population
A population is a summation of all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding
sample
In statistics and quantitative research methodology, a data sample is a set of data collected and/or selected from a statistical population by a defined procedure
parameter
A parameter , generally, is any characteristic that can help in defining or classifying a particular system
continuous
In mathematics, a continuous function is, roughly speaking, a function for which sufficiently small changes in the input result in arbitrarily small changes in the output
nominal
Level of measurement or scale of measure is a classification that describes the nature of information within the numbers assigned to variables
experiment
An experiment is a procedure carried out to support, refute, or validate a hypothesis
bias
Bias is an inclination or outlook to present or hold a partial perspective, often accompanied by a refusal to consider the possible merits of alternative points of view
statistic
Statistics is the study of the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data
statistical model
A statistical model is a class of mathematical model, which embodies a set of assumptions concerning the generation of some sample data, and similar data from a larger population
reverse causation
Retrocausality is any of several hypothetical phenomena or processes that reverse causality, allowing an effect to occur before its cause
biased samples
In statistics, sampling bias is a bias in which a sample is collected in such a way that some members of the intended population are less likely to be included than others
causation
Causation is the "causal relationship between conduct and result"
sample size
Sample size determination is the act of choosing the number of observations or replicates to include in a statistical sample

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