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Flashcards - Structure & Function of the Immune System

Flashcards - Structure & Function of the Immune System
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granulocytes
Granulocytes are a category of white blood cells characterized by the presence of granules in their cytoplasm
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cytokine
Cytokines are a broad and loose category of small proteins that are important in cell signaling
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paratope
A paratope, also called an antigen-binding site, is a part of an antibody which recognizes and binds to an antigen
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antigen-presenting cells
An antigen-presenting cell or accessory cell is a cell that displays antigen complexed with major histocompatibility complexes on their surfaces; this process is known as antigen presentation
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spleen
The spleen is an organ found in virtually all vertebrates
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opsonization
Antibody opsonization is the process by which a pathogen is marked for ingestion and eliminated by a phagocyte
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opsonization
Antibody opsonization is the process by which a pathogen is marked for ingestion and eliminated by a phagocyte
spleen
The spleen is an organ found in virtually all vertebrates
antigen-presenting cells
An antigen-presenting cell or accessory cell is a cell that displays antigen complexed with major histocompatibility complexes on their surfaces; this process is known as antigen presentation
paratope
A paratope, also called an antigen-binding site, is a part of an antibody which recognizes and binds to an antigen
cytokine
Cytokines are a broad and loose category of small proteins that are important in cell signaling
granulocytes
Granulocytes are a category of white blood cells characterized by the presence of granules in their cytoplasm
neutrophil
Neutrophil are the most abundant type of granulocytes and the most abundant type of white blood cells in most mammals
mast cell
A mast cell is a type of white blood cell
phagocyte
Phagocytes are cells that protect the body by ingesting harmful foreign particles, bacteria, and dead or dying cells
T helper cells
The T helper cells are a type of T cell that play an important role in the immune system, particularly in the adaptive immune system
T lymphocyte
A T cell or T lymphocyte is a type of lymphocyte that plays a central role in cell-mediated immunity
B-cells
B cells, also known as B lymphocytes, are a type of white blood cell of the lymphocyte subtype
plasma cell
Plasma cells, also called plasma B cells, plasmocytes, plasmacytes, or effector B cells, are white blood cells that secrete large volumes of antibodies

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