Flashcards - Structure and Behavior of Matter

Flashcards - Structure and Behavior of Matter
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crystalline structure
In crystallography, crystal structure is a description of the ordered arrangement of atoms, ions or molecules in a crystalline material
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acid
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron , or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair
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dipole
In electromagnetism, there are two kinds of dipoles: * An electric dipole is a separation of positive and negative charges
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bond
In finance, a bond is an instrument of indebtedness of the bond issuer to the holders
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ionic bond
Ionic bonding is a type of chemical bond that involves the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions, and is the primary interaction occurring in ionic compounds
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molecule
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds
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proton
A proton is a subatomic particle, symbol p or p+, with a positive electric charge of +1e elementary charge and mass slightly less than that of a neutron
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atom
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has the properties of a chemical element
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solid
Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter
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mixture
In chemistry, a mixture is a material system made up of two or more different substances which are mixed but are not combined chemically
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element
In mathematics, an element, or member, of a set is any one of the distinct objects that make up that set
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compound
A chemical compound is an entity consisting of two or more atoms, at least two from different elements, which associate via chemical bonds
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compound
A chemical compound is an entity consisting of two or more atoms, at least two from different elements, which associate via chemical bonds
element
In mathematics, an element, or member, of a set is any one of the distinct objects that make up that set
mixture
In chemistry, a mixture is a material system made up of two or more different substances which are mixed but are not combined chemically
solid
Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter
atom
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has the properties of a chemical element
proton
A proton is a subatomic particle, symbol p or p+, with a positive electric charge of +1e elementary charge and mass slightly less than that of a neutron
molecule
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds
ionic bond
Ionic bonding is a type of chemical bond that involves the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions, and is the primary interaction occurring in ionic compounds
bond
In finance, a bond is an instrument of indebtedness of the bond issuer to the holders
dipole
In electromagnetism, there are two kinds of dipoles: * An electric dipole is a separation of positive and negative charges
acid
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron , or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair
crystalline structure
In crystallography, crystal structure is a description of the ordered arrangement of atoms, ions or molecules in a crystalline material
chemical reaction
A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another
John Dalton
John Dalton FRS was an English chemist, physicist, and meteorologist
Physical properties
A physical property is any property that is measurable, whose value describes a state of a physical system
gas
Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter
liquid
A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a constant volume independent of pressure
atomic nucleus
The nucleus is the small, dense region consisting of protons and neutrons at the center of an atom, discovered in 1911 by Ernest Rutherford based on the 1909 Geiger–Marsden gold foil experiment
neutron
The neutron is a subatomic particle, symbol n or n0, with no net electric charge and a mass slightly larger than that of a proton
chemical bond
A chemical bond is a lasting attraction between atoms that enables the formation of chemical compounds
base
A military base is a facility directly owned and operated by or for the military or one of its branches that shelters military equipment and personnel, and facilitates training and operations
metal bond
Metallic bonding arises from the electrostatic attractive force between conduction electrons and positively charged metal ions
decomposition reaction
Chemical decomposition, analysis or breakdown is the separation of a chemical compound into elements or simpler compounds
phase change
The term phase transition is most commonly used to describe transitions between solid, liquid and gaseous states of matter, and, in rare cases, plasma
covalent bonding
A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms

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