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Flashcards - Structures & Formulas of Organic Compounds

Flashcards - Structures & Formulas of Organic Compounds
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surfactant
Surfactants are compounds that lower the surface tension between two liquids or between a liquid and a solid
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nitrogen
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7
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Acetone
Acetone is the organic compound with the formula 2CO
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ketones
In chemistry, a ketone /ˈkiË?toÊŠn/ is an organic compound with the structure RCR', where R and R' can be a variety of carbon-containing substituents
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carbonyl group
In organic chemistry, a carbonyl group is a functional group composed of a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom: C=O
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methyl group
A methyl group is an alkyl derived from methane, containing one carbon atom bonded to three hydrogen atoms - CH3
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isomers
An isomer is a molecule with the same molecular formula as another molecule, but with a different chemical structure
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isomers
An isomer is a molecule with the same molecular formula as another molecule, but with a different chemical structure
methyl group
A methyl group is an alkyl derived from methane, containing one carbon atom bonded to three hydrogen atoms - CH3
carbonyl group
In organic chemistry, a carbonyl group is a functional group composed of a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom: C=O
ketones
In chemistry, a ketone /ˈkiË?toÊŠn/ is an organic compound with the structure RCR', where R and R' can be a variety of carbon-containing substituents
Acetone
Acetone is the organic compound with the formula 2CO
nitrogen
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7
surfactant
Surfactants are compounds that lower the surface tension between two liquids or between a liquid and a solid
carbamide
Urea, also known as carbamide, is an organic compound with the chemical formula CO2
nucleophile
A nucleophile is a chemical species that donates an electron pair to an electrophile to form a chemical bond in relation to a reaction
Saponification
Saponification is a process that produces soap, usually from fats and lye
disaccharides
A disaccharide is the sugar formed when two monosaccharides are joined
amylopectin
Amylopectin /ˌæmᵻloʊˈpɛktᵻn/ is a soluble polysaccharide and highly branched polymer of glucose found in plants
Starch
Starch or amylum is a polymeric carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds
Benzene
Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6
carbolic acid
Phenol, also known as carbolic acid, is an aromatic organic compound with the molecular formula C6H5OH

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