# Flashcards - TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Mathematical Reasoning

Flashcards - TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Mathematical Reasoning
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model
A model is a person with a role either to promote, display, or advertise commercial products or to serve as a visual aide for people who are creating works of art or to pose for photography
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mathematical model
A mathematical model is a description of a system using mathematical concepts and language
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deductive
Deductive reasoning, also deductive logic, logical deduction is the process of reasoning from one or more statements to reach a logically certain conclusion
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hypothesis
A hypothesis is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon
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disjunction
In logic and mathematics, or is the truth-functional operator of disjunction, also known as alternation; the or of a set of operands is true if and only if one or more of its operands is true
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conjunction
In grammar, a conjunction is a part of speech that connects words, sentences, phrases, or clauses
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logic
Logic , originally meaning \"the word\" or \"what is spoken\" , is generally held to consist of the systematic study of the form of arguments
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logic
Logic , originally meaning \"the word\" or \"what is spoken\" , is generally held to consist of the systematic study of the form of arguments
conjunction
In grammar, a conjunction is a part of speech that connects words, sentences, phrases, or clauses
disjunction
In logic and mathematics, or is the truth-functional operator of disjunction, also known as alternation; the or of a set of operands is true if and only if one or more of its operands is true
hypothesis
A hypothesis is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon
deductive
Deductive reasoning, also deductive logic, logical deduction is the process of reasoning from one or more statements to reach a logically certain conclusion
mathematical model
A mathematical model is a description of a system using mathematical concepts and language
model
A model is a person with a role either to promote, display, or advertise commercial products or to serve as a visual aide for people who are creating works of art or to pose for photography
propositions
The term proposition has a broad use in contemporary philosophy
circular reasoning
Circular reasoning is a logical fallacy in which the reasoner begins with what they are trying to end with
truth value
In logic and mathematics, a truth value, sometimes called a logical value, is a value indicating the relation of a proposition to truth
counterexample
In logic, and especially in its applications to mathematics and philosophy, a counterexample is an exception to a proposed general rule or law
appeal to ignorance
Argument from ignorance , also known as appeal to ignorance , is a fallacy in informal logic
appeal to popularity
In argumentation theory, an argumentum ad populum is a fallacious argument that concludes that a proposition is true because many or most people believe it: "If many believe so, it is so
estimation
Estimation is the process of finding an estimate, or approximation, which is a value that is usable for some purpose even if input data may be incomplete, uncertain, or unstable

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