# Flashcards - TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Number Theory

Flashcards - TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Number Theory
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greatest common divisor
In mathematics, the greatest common divisor of two or more integers, when at least one of them is not zero, is the largest positive integer that divides the numbers without a remainder
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algorithm
what is algorithm: \"A process or set of rules to be followed in calculations or other problem-solving operations, especially by a computer\"
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fundamental theorem of calculus
The fundamental theorem of calculus is a theorem that links the concept of the derivative of a function with the concept of the function's integral
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modulus
In computing, the modulo operation finds the remainder after division of one number by another
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composite number
A composite number is a positive integer that can be formed by multiplying together two smaller positive integers
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composite number
A composite number is a positive integer that can be formed by multiplying together two smaller positive integers
modulus
In computing, the modulo operation finds the remainder after division of one number by another
fundamental theorem of calculus
The fundamental theorem of calculus is a theorem that links the concept of the derivative of a function with the concept of the function's integral
algorithm
what is algorithm: \"A process or set of rules to be followed in calculations or other problem-solving operations, especially by a computer\"
greatest common divisor
In mathematics, the greatest common divisor of two or more integers, when at least one of them is not zero, is the largest positive integer that divides the numbers without a remainder
quotient
In arithmetic, a quotient is the result of division
prime number
A prime number is a natural number greater than 1 that has no positive divisors other than 1 and itself
Mersenne prime
In mathematics, a Mersenne prime is a prime number that is one less than a power of two
perfect number
In number theory, a perfect number is a positive integer that is equal to the sum of its proper positive divisors, that is, the sum of its positive divisors excluding the number itself
dividend
A dividend is a payment made by a corporation to its shareholders, usually as a distribution of profits

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