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Flashcards - TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Quantum Physics

Flashcards - TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Quantum Physics
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nucleons
In chemistry and physics, a nucleon is one of the particles that make up the atomic nucleus
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alpha particle
Alpha particles consist of two protons and two neutrons bound together into a particle identical to a helium nucleus
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nucleus
In cell biology, the nucleus is a membrane-enclosed organelle found in eukaryotic cells
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proton
A proton is a subatomic particle, symbol p or p+, with a positive electric charge of +1e elementary charge and mass slightly less than that of a neutron
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element
In mathematics, an element, or member, of a set is any one of the distinct objects that make up that set
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atom
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has the properties of a chemical element
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principal quantum number
In quantum mechanics, the principal quantum number is one of four quantum numbers which are assigned to each electron in an atom to describe that electron's state
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ground state
The ground state of a quantum mechanical system is its lowest-energy state; the energy of the ground state is known as the zero-point energy of the system
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John Dalton
John Dalton FRS was an English chemist, physicist, and meteorologist
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photon
A photon is an elementary particle, the quantum of all forms of electromagnetic radiation including light
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photon
A photon is an elementary particle, the quantum of all forms of electromagnetic radiation including light
John Dalton
John Dalton FRS was an English chemist, physicist, and meteorologist
ground state
The ground state of a quantum mechanical system is its lowest-energy state; the energy of the ground state is known as the zero-point energy of the system
principal quantum number
In quantum mechanics, the principal quantum number is one of four quantum numbers which are assigned to each electron in an atom to describe that electron's state
atom
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has the properties of a chemical element
element
In mathematics, an element, or member, of a set is any one of the distinct objects that make up that set
proton
A proton is a subatomic particle, symbol p or p+, with a positive electric charge of +1e elementary charge and mass slightly less than that of a neutron
nucleus
In cell biology, the nucleus is a membrane-enclosed organelle found in eukaryotic cells
alpha particle
Alpha particles consist of two protons and two neutrons bound together into a particle identical to a helium nucleus
nucleons
In chemistry and physics, a nucleon is one of the particles that make up the atomic nucleus
Quantum physics
Quantum mechanics , including quantum field theory, is a fundamental branch of physics concerned with processes involving, for example, atoms and photons
wave-particle duality
Wave–particle duality is the concept that every elementary particle or quantic entity may be partly described in terms not only of particles, but also of waves
photoelectric effect
The photoelectric effect or photoemission is the production of electrons or other free carriers when light is shone onto a material
spin quantum number
In atomic physics, the spin quantum number is a quantum number that parameterizes the intrinsic angular momentum of a given particle
atomic nucleus
The nucleus is the small, dense region consisting of protons and neutrons at the center of an atom, discovered in 1911 by Ernest Rutherford based on the 1909 Geiger–Marsden gold foil experiment
neutron
The neutron is a subatomic particle, symbol n or n0, with no net electric charge and a mass slightly larger than that of a proton
amu
The unified atomic mass unit or dalton is the standard unit that is used for indicating mass on an atomic or molecular scale
quantum number
Quantum numbers describe values of conserved quantities in the dynamics of a quantum system
orbitals
In quantum mechanics, an atomic orbital is a mathematical function that describes the wave-like behavior of either one electron or a pair of electrons in an atom
subatomic particles
In the physical sciences, subatomic particles are particles much smaller than atoms

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