Flashcards - TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Scientific Inquiry & Process

Flashcards - TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Scientific Inquiry & Process
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hot plate
A hot plate is a portable self-contained tabletop small appliance that features one, two or more electric heating elements or gas burners
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graduated cylinder
A graduated cylinder, measuring cylinder or mixing cylinder is a common piece of laboratory equipment used to measure the volume of a liquid
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theory
Theory is a contemplative and rational type of abstract or generalizing thinking, or the results of such thinking
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observations
Observation is the active acquisition of information from a primary source
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Physics
Physics is the natural science that involves the study of matter and its motion and behavior through space and time, along with related concepts such as energy and force
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Science
Science is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe
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precision
Precision is a description of random errors, a measure of statistical variability
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bar graph
A bar chart or bar graph is a chart that presents grouped data with rectangular bars with lengths proportional to the values that they represent
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chemical
A chemical substance is a form of matter that has constant chemical composition and characteristic properties
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microscopes
A microscope is an instrument used to see objects that are too small for the naked eye
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law
Law is a system of rules that are enforced through social institutions to govern behavior
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scientific method
The scientific method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge
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hypothesis
A hypothesis is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon
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experiment
An experiment is a procedure carried out to support, refute, or validate a hypothesis
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analysis
Analysis is the process of breaking a complex topic or substance into smaller parts in order to gain a better understanding of it
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analysis
Analysis is the process of breaking a complex topic or substance into smaller parts in order to gain a better understanding of it
experiment
An experiment is a procedure carried out to support, refute, or validate a hypothesis
hypothesis
A hypothesis is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon
scientific method
The scientific method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge
law
Law is a system of rules that are enforced through social institutions to govern behavior
microscopes
A microscope is an instrument used to see objects that are too small for the naked eye
chemical
A chemical substance is a form of matter that has constant chemical composition and characteristic properties
bar graph
A bar chart or bar graph is a chart that presents grouped data with rectangular bars with lengths proportional to the values that they represent
precision
Precision is a description of random errors, a measure of statistical variability
Science
Science is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe
Physics
Physics is the natural science that involves the study of matter and its motion and behavior through space and time, along with related concepts such as energy and force
observations
Observation is the active acquisition of information from a primary source
theory
Theory is a contemplative and rational type of abstract or generalizing thinking, or the results of such thinking
graduated cylinder
A graduated cylinder, measuring cylinder or mixing cylinder is a common piece of laboratory equipment used to measure the volume of a liquid
hot plate
A hot plate is a portable self-contained tabletop small appliance that features one, two or more electric heating elements or gas burners
evaporating dish
An evaporating dish is a piece of laboratory glassware used for the evaporation of solutions and supernatant liquids, and sometimes to their melting point
mortar and pestle
A mortar and pestle is a device used since ancient times to prepare ingredients or substances by crushing and grinding them into a fine paste or powder
liter
The litre or liter is an SI accepted metric system unit of volume equal to 1 cubic decimetre , 1,000 cubic centimetres or 1/1,000 cubic metre
metric system
The metric system is an internationally agreed decimal system of measurement
Quantitative data
In natural sciences and social sciences, quantitative research is the systematic empirical investigation of observable phenomena via statistical, mathematical or computational techniques
pie chart
A pie chart is a circular statistical graphic, which is divided into slices to illustrate numerical proportion
Scientific notation
Scientific notation is a way of expressing numbers that are too big or too small to be conveniently written in decimal form
significant figure
The significant figures of a number are digits that carry meaning contributing to its measurement resolution
ecological validity
In research, the ecological validity of a study means that the methods, materials and setting of the study must approximate the real-world that is being examined
reliable across samples
Reliability in statistics and psychometrics is the overall consistency of a measure
scientific laws
A scientific law is a statement based on repeated experimental observations that describes some aspects of the universe
Bunsen burner
A Bunsen burner, named after Robert Bunsen, is a common piece of laboratory equipment that produces a single open gas flame, which is used for heating, sterilization, and combustion
degrees Celsius
Celsius, also known as centigrade, is a scale and unit of measurement for temperature
meter
The metre, or meter , is the base unit of length in the International System of Units
data
Data is a set of values of qualitative or quantitative variables

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