Flashcards - TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Genetic Technology

Flashcards - TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Genetic Technology
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GMOs
A genetically modified organism is any organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques
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genome
In modern molecular biology and genetics, a genome is the genetic material of an organism
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plasmid
A plasmid is a small DNA molecule within a cell that is physically separated from a chromosomal DNA and can replicate independently
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electrophoresis
Electrophoresis is the motion of dispersed particles relative to a fluid under the influence of a spatially uniform electric field
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nucleotide
Nucleotides are organic molecules that serve as the monomers, or subunits, of nucleic acids like DNA and RNA
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DNA ligase
In molecular biology, DNA ligase is a specific type of enzyme, a ligase, that facilitates the joining of DNA strands together by catalyzing the formation of a phosphodiester bond
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restriction enzyme
A restriction enzyme or restriction endonuclease is an enzyme that cuts DNA at or near specific recognition nucleotide sequences known as restriction sites
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vector
Vector graphics is the use of polygons to represent images in computer graphics
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host
A network host is a computer or other device connected to a computer network
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18 cards in set
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host
A network host is a computer or other device connected to a computer network
vector
Vector graphics is the use of polygons to represent images in computer graphics
restriction enzyme
A restriction enzyme or restriction endonuclease is an enzyme that cuts DNA at or near specific recognition nucleotide sequences known as restriction sites
DNA ligase
In molecular biology, DNA ligase is a specific type of enzyme, a ligase, that facilitates the joining of DNA strands together by catalyzing the formation of a phosphodiester bond
nucleotide
Nucleotides are organic molecules that serve as the monomers, or subunits, of nucleic acids like DNA and RNA
electrophoresis
Electrophoresis is the motion of dispersed particles relative to a fluid under the influence of a spatially uniform electric field
plasmid
A plasmid is a small DNA molecule within a cell that is physically separated from a chromosomal DNA and can replicate independently
genome
In modern molecular biology and genetics, a genome is the genetic material of an organism
GMOs
A genetically modified organism is any organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques
multiple cloning site
A multiple cloning site , also called a polylinker, is a short segment of DNA which contains many restriction sites - a standard feature of engineered plasmids
origin of replication
The origin of replication is a particular sequence in a genome at which replication is initiated
selectable marker
A selectable marker is a gene introduced into a cell, especially a bacterium or to cells in culture, that confers a trait suitable for artificial selection
sticky end
DNA end or sticky end refers to the properties of the end of a molecule of DNA or a recombinant DNA molecule
PCR primer
A primer is a short strand of RNA or DNA that serves as a starting point for DNA synthesis
proteome
The proteome is the entire set of proteins expressed by a genome, cell, tissue, or organism at a certain time
Proteomics
Proteomics is the large-scale study of proteins
DNA polymerase
In molecular biology, DNA polymerases are enzymes that synthesize DNA molecules from deoxyribonucleotides, the building blocks of DNA
Genetic engineering
Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genome using biotechnology

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