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Flashcards - TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Genetics & Heredity

Flashcards - TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Genetics & Heredity
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gamete
A gamete is a cell that fuses with another cell during fertilization in organisms that sexually reproduce
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dominant trait
Dominance in genetics is a relationship between alleles of one gene, in which the effect on phenotype of one allele masks the contribution of a second allele at the same locus
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locus
A locus in genetics is the position of a gene on a chromosome
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genotype
The genotype is the part of the genetic makeup of a cell, and therefore of an organism or individual, which determines a specific characteristic of that cell/organism/individual
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chromosome
A chromosome is a packaged and organized structure containing most of the DNA of a living organism
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10 cards in set
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chromosome
A chromosome is a packaged and organized structure containing most of the DNA of a living organism
genotype
The genotype is the part of the genetic makeup of a cell, and therefore of an organism or individual, which determines a specific characteristic of that cell/organism/individual
locus
A locus in genetics is the position of a gene on a chromosome
dominant trait
Dominance in genetics is a relationship between alleles of one gene, in which the effect on phenotype of one allele masks the contribution of a second allele at the same locus
gamete
A gamete is a cell that fuses with another cell during fertilization in organisms that sexually reproduce
Gregor Mendel
Gregor Johann Mendel was a German-speaking Moravian-Silesian scientist and Augustinian friar and abbot of St
Autosomes
An autosome is a chromosome that is not an allosome
sex chromosomes
A sex-determination system is a biological system that determines the development of sexual characteristics in an organism
crossing over
Chromosomal crossover is the exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosomes that results in recombinant chromosomes during sexual reproduction
recombination
Genetic recombination is the production of offspring with combinations of traits that differ from those found in either parent

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