Flashcards - TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Atmosphere & Climate

Flashcards - TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Atmosphere & Climate
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thermosphere
The thermosphere is the layer of the Earth's atmosphere directly above the mesosphere and directly below the exosphere
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stratosphere
The stratosphere is the second major layer of Earth's atmosphere, just above the troposphere, and below the mesosphere
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ionosphere
The ionosphere is a region of Earth's upper atmosphere, from about 60 km to 1,000 km altitude, and includes the thermosphere and parts of the mesosphere and exosphere
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acid
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron , or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair
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extinct
In biology and ecology, extinction is the end of an organism or of a group of organisms , normally a species
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global warming
Global warming and climate change are terms for the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects
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greenhouse effect
The greenhouse effect is the process by which radiation from a planet's atmosphere warms the planet's surface to a temperature above what it would be without its atmosphere
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atmosphere
An atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body
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climate
Climate is the statistics of weather, usually over a 30-year interval
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Ozone
Ozone /ˈoʊzoʊn/ , or trioxygen, is an inorganic molecule with the chemical formula O3
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Ozone
Ozone /ˈoʊzoʊn/ , or trioxygen, is an inorganic molecule with the chemical formula O3
climate
Climate is the statistics of weather, usually over a 30-year interval
atmosphere
An atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body
greenhouse effect
The greenhouse effect is the process by which radiation from a planet's atmosphere warms the planet's surface to a temperature above what it would be without its atmosphere
global warming
Global warming and climate change are terms for the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects
extinct
In biology and ecology, extinction is the end of an organism or of a group of organisms , normally a species
acid
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron , or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair
ionosphere
The ionosphere is a region of Earth's upper atmosphere, from about 60 km to 1,000 km altitude, and includes the thermosphere and parts of the mesosphere and exosphere
stratosphere
The stratosphere is the second major layer of Earth's atmosphere, just above the troposphere, and below the mesosphere
thermosphere
The thermosphere is the layer of the Earth's atmosphere directly above the mesosphere and directly below the exosphere
troposphere
The troposphere is the lowest portion of Earth's atmosphere, and is also where all weather takes place
rain shadow
A rain shadow is a dry area on the leeward side of a mountainous area
Weather
Weather is the state of the atmosphere, to the degree that it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy
acid deposition
Acid rain is a rain or any other form of precipitation that is unusually acidic, meaning that it possesses elevated levels of hydrogen ions
Orographic lifting
Orographic lift occurs when an air mass is forced from a low elevation to a higher elevation as it moves over rising terrain
cold front
A cold front is defined as the leading edge of a cooler mass of air, replacing at ground level a warmer mass of air, which lies within a fairly sharp surface trough of low pressure
occluded front
An occluded front is formed during the process of cyclogenesis when a cold front overtakes a warm front
stationary front
A stationary front is a pair of air masses, neither of which is strong enough to replace the other
weather fronts
A weather front is a boundary separating two masses of air of different densities, and is the principal cause of meteorological phenomena
ENSO cycle
El Niño–Southern Oscillation is an irregularly periodical variation in winds and sea surface temperatures over the tropical eastern Pacific Ocean, affecting much of the tropics and subtropics
nitrogen
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7

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