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Flashcards - TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Energy & Matter Concepts

Flashcards - TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Energy & Matter Concepts
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degree
A degree , usually denoted by ° , is a measurement of plane angle, defined by representing a full rotation as 360 degrees
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Thermal expansion
Thermal expansion is the tendency of matter to change in shape, area, and volume in response to a change in temperature, through heat transfer
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mixture
In chemistry, a mixture is a material system made up of two or more different substances which are mixed but are not combined chemically
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element
In mathematics, an element, or member, of a set is any one of the distinct objects that make up that set
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compound
A chemical compound is an entity consisting of two or more atoms, at least two from different elements, which associate via chemical bonds
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potential energy
In physics, potential energy is energy possessed by a body by virtue of its position relative to others, stresses within itself, electric charge, and other factors
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kinetic energy
In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion
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kinetic energy
In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion
potential energy
In physics, potential energy is energy possessed by a body by virtue of its position relative to others, stresses within itself, electric charge, and other factors
compound
A chemical compound is an entity consisting of two or more atoms, at least two from different elements, which associate via chemical bonds
element
In mathematics, an element, or member, of a set is any one of the distinct objects that make up that set
mixture
In chemistry, a mixture is a material system made up of two or more different substances which are mixed but are not combined chemically
Thermal expansion
Thermal expansion is the tendency of matter to change in shape, area, and volume in response to a change in temperature, through heat transfer
degree
A degree , usually denoted by ° , is a measurement of plane angle, defined by representing a full rotation as 360 degrees
Energy
In physics, energy is a property of objects which can be transferred to other objects or converted into different forms
photosynthesis
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities
work
In physics, a force is said to do work if, when acting there is a displacement of the point of application in the direction of the force
Physical properties
A physical property is any property that is measurable, whose value describes a state of a physical system
absolute zero
Absolute zero is the lower limit of the thermodynamic temperature scale, a state at which the enthalpy and entropy of a cooled ideal gas reaches its minimum value, taken as 0
Fahrenheit
Fahrenheit is a temperature scale based on one proposed in 1724 by the physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit , after whom the scale is named
Celsius scale
Celsius, also known as centigrade, is a scale and unit of measurement for temperature

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