# Flashcards - TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Geography Basics

Flashcards - TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Geography Basics
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geographic coordinate system
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on the Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols
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weathering
Weathering is the breaking down of rocks, soil and minerals as well as wood and artificial materials through contact with the Earth's atmosphere, waters and biological organisms
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faults
In geology, a fault is a planar fracture or discontinuity in a volume of rock, across which there has been significant displacement as a result of rock mass movement
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equator
The Equator usually refers to an imaginary line on the Earth's surface equidistant from the North Pole and South Pole, dividing the Earth into the Northern Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere
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degree
A degree , usually denoted by Â° , is a measurement of plane angle, defined by representing a full rotation as 360 degrees
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degree
A degree , usually denoted by Â° , is a measurement of plane angle, defined by representing a full rotation as 360 degrees
equator
The Equator usually refers to an imaginary line on the Earth's surface equidistant from the North Pole and South Pole, dividing the Earth into the Northern Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere
faults
In geology, a fault is a planar fracture or discontinuity in a volume of rock, across which there has been significant displacement as a result of rock mass movement
weathering
Weathering is the breaking down of rocks, soil and minerals as well as wood and artificial materials through contact with the Earth's atmosphere, waters and biological organisms
geographic coordinate system
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on the Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols
hot spots
In geology, the places known as hotspots or hot spots are volcanic regions thought to be fed by underlying mantle that is anomalously hot compared with the surrounding mantle
lithosphere
A lithosphere is the rigid, outermost shell of a terrestrial-type planet or natural satellite that is defined by its rigid mechanical properties
solstice
A solstice is an astronomical event that occurs twice each year as the Sun reaches its highest or lowest excursion relative to the celestial equator on the celestial sphere
winter solstice
Winter solstice is an astronomical phenomenon marking the shortest day and the longest night of the year
Stress
Physiological or biological stress is an organism's response to a stressor such as an environmental condition
erosion
In earth science, erosion is the action of surface processes that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it away to another location

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