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Flashcards - TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Water Issues & Conservation

Flashcards - TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Water Issues & Conservation
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Irrigation water
Irrigation is the method in which water is supplied to plants at regular intervals for agriculture
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liquid
A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a constant volume independent of pressure
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gas
Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter
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aquifers
An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials from which groundwater can be extracted using a water well
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solid
Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter
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photosynthesis
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities
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nitrogen cycle
The nitrogen cycle is the biogeochemical cycle by which nitrogen is converted into various chemical forms as it circulates among the atmosphere and terrestrial and marine ecosystems
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carbon cycle
The carbon cycle is the biogeochemical cycle by which carbon is exchanged among the biosphere, pedosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere of the Earth
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assimilation
Cultural assimilation is the process by which a person or a group's language and/or culture come to resemble those of another group
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assimilation
Cultural assimilation is the process by which a person or a group's language and/or culture come to resemble those of another group
carbon cycle
The carbon cycle is the biogeochemical cycle by which carbon is exchanged among the biosphere, pedosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere of the Earth
nitrogen cycle
The nitrogen cycle is the biogeochemical cycle by which nitrogen is converted into various chemical forms as it circulates among the atmosphere and terrestrial and marine ecosystems
photosynthesis
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities
solid
Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter
aquifers
An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials from which groundwater can be extracted using a water well
gas
Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter
liquid
A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a constant volume independent of pressure
Irrigation water
Irrigation is the method in which water is supplied to plants at regular intervals for agriculture
Surface waters
Surface water is water on the surface of the planet such as in a river, lake, wetland, or ocean
sustainably
In ecology, sustainability is the property of biological systems to remain diverse and productive indefinitely
reservoirs
A reservoir is a storage space for fluids
groundwater pollution
Groundwater pollution occurs when pollutants are released to the ground and make their way down into groundwater
nutrient pollution
Nutrient pollution, a form of water pollution, refers to contamination by excessive inputs of nutrients
wastewater
Wastewater, also written as waste water, is any water that has been adversely affected in quality by anthropogenic influence
Safe Drinking Water Act
The Safe Drinking Water Act is the principal federal law in the United States intended to ensure safe drinking water for the public
evaporative cooling
An evaporative cooler is a device that cools air through the evaporation of water
surface tension
Surface tension is the elastic tendency of a fluid surface which makes it acquire the least surface area possible

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