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Flashcards - The Age of Enlightenment

Flashcards - The Age of Enlightenment
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Thomas Hobbes
Thomas Hobbes , in some older texts Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury, was an English philosopher, best known today for his work on political philosophy
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air
The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth's gravity
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Parliament
In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative, elected body of government
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Enlightenment
The Enlightenment was an intellectual movement which dominated the world of ideas in Europe in the 18th century
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skepticism
Skepticism or scepticism is generally any questioning attitude or doubt towards one or more items of putative knowledge or belief
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scientific method
The scientific method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge
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Johannes Kepler
Johannes Kepler was a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer
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Isaac Newton
Sir Isaac Newton FRS was an English physicist and mathematician who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time and a key figure in the scientific revolution
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heliocentric model
Heliocentrism, or heliocentricism, is the astronomical model in which the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun at the center of the Solar System
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Galileo Galilei
Galileo Galilei was an Italian astronomer, physicist, engineer, philosopher, and mathematician who played a major role in the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century
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Galileo Galilei
Galileo Galilei was an Italian astronomer, physicist, engineer, philosopher, and mathematician who played a major role in the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century
heliocentric model
Heliocentrism, or heliocentricism, is the astronomical model in which the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun at the center of the Solar System
Isaac Newton
Sir Isaac Newton FRS was an English physicist and mathematician who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time and a key figure in the scientific revolution
Johannes Kepler
Johannes Kepler was a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer
scientific method
The scientific method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge
skepticism
Skepticism or scepticism is generally any questioning attitude or doubt towards one or more items of putative knowledge or belief
Enlightenment
The Enlightenment was an intellectual movement which dominated the world of ideas in Europe in the 18th century
Parliament
In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative, elected body of government
air
The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth's gravity
Thomas Hobbes
Thomas Hobbes , in some older texts Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury, was an English philosopher, best known today for his work on political philosophy
enlightened absolutism
Enlightened absolutism, also known as enlightened despotism and benevolent absolutism, is a form of absolute monarchy or despotism inspired by the Enlightenment
Russia
Russia , also officially known as the Russian Federation , is a transcontinental country in Eurasia
English Bill of Rights
The Bill of Rights is an Act of the Parliament of England that deals with constitutional matters and sets out certain basic civil rights
telescope
A telescope is an optical instrument that aids in the observation of remote objects by collecting electromagnetic radiation
Tycho Brahe
Tycho Brahe , born Tyge Ottesen Brahe , was a Danish nobleman known for his accurate and comprehensive astronomical and planetary observations
alchemy
Alchemy is a philosophical and protoscientific tradition practiced throughout Europe, Egypt and Asia
Paracelsus
Paracelsus , born Philippus Aureolus Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim, was a Swiss German philosopher, physician, botanist, astrologer, and general occultist
geocentric
In astronomy, the Geocentric model is a superseded description of the universe with the Earth at the center
Denis Diderot
Denis Diderot was a French philosopher, art critic, and writer
Immanuel Kant
Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher who is considered the central figure of modern philosophy
Frederick the Great
Frederick II was King of Prussia from 1740 until 1786, the longest reign of any Hohenzollern King

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