Flashcards - The Atmosphere of Earth

Flashcards - The Atmosphere of Earth
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Stratus
Stratus clouds are low-level cloud characterized by horizontal layering with a uniform base, as opposed to convective or cumuliform clouds that are formed by rising thermals
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Clouds
In meteorology, a cloud is an aerosol comprising a visible mass of minute liquid droplets or frozen crystals, both of which are made of water or various chemicals
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saturated
A saturated fat is a type of fat, in which the fatty acids all have single bonds
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relative humidity
Relative humidity is the ratio of the partial pressure of water vapor to the equilibrium vapor pressure of water at a given temperature
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Humidity
Humidity is the amount of water vapor in the air
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dew point
Dew point is the highest temperature at which airborne water vapor will condense to form liquid dew
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Ozone
Ozone /ˈoʊzoʊn/ , or trioxygen, is an inorganic molecule with the chemical formula O3
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Ozone
Ozone /ˈoʊzoʊn/ , or trioxygen, is an inorganic molecule with the chemical formula O3
dew point
Dew point is the highest temperature at which airborne water vapor will condense to form liquid dew
Humidity
Humidity is the amount of water vapor in the air
relative humidity
Relative humidity is the ratio of the partial pressure of water vapor to the equilibrium vapor pressure of water at a given temperature
saturated
A saturated fat is a type of fat, in which the fatty acids all have single bonds
Clouds
In meteorology, a cloud is an aerosol comprising a visible mass of minute liquid droplets or frozen crystals, both of which are made of water or various chemicals
Stratus
Stratus clouds are low-level cloud characterized by horizontal layering with a uniform base, as opposed to convective or cumuliform clouds that are formed by rising thermals
fluid
In physics, a fluid is a substance that continually deforms under an applied shear stress
ionosphere
The ionosphere is a region of Earth's upper atmosphere, from about 60 km to 1,000 km altitude, and includes the thermosphere and parts of the mesosphere and exosphere
stratosphere
The stratosphere is the second major layer of Earth's atmosphere, just above the troposphere, and below the mesosphere
thermosphere
The thermosphere is the layer of the Earth's atmosphere directly above the mesosphere and directly below the exosphere
troposphere
The troposphere is the lowest portion of Earth's atmosphere, and is also where all weather takes place
Orographic lifting
Orographic lift occurs when an air mass is forced from a low elevation to a higher elevation as it moves over rising terrain
nitrogen
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7
Convection
Convection is the movement of groups of molecules within fluids such as liquids or gases, and within rheids

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