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Flashcards - The Atmosphere

Flashcards - The Atmosphere
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greenhouse effect
The greenhouse effect is the process by which radiation from a planet's atmosphere warms the planet's surface to a temperature above what it would be without its atmosphere
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atmosphere
An atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body
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climate
Climate is the statistics of weather, usually over a 30-year interval
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water cycle
The water cycle, also known as the hydrological cycle or the H2O cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth
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Precipitation
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity
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Stratus
Stratus clouds are low-level cloud characterized by horizontal layering with a uniform base, as opposed to convective or cumuliform clouds that are formed by rising thermals
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saturated
A saturated fat is a type of fat, in which the fatty acids all have single bonds
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relative humidity
Relative humidity is the ratio of the partial pressure of water vapor to the equilibrium vapor pressure of water at a given temperature
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dew point
Dew point is the highest temperature at which airborne water vapor will condense to form liquid dew
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Humidity
Humidity is the amount of water vapor in the air
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Clouds
In meteorology, a cloud is an aerosol comprising a visible mass of minute liquid droplets or frozen crystals, both of which are made of water or various chemicals
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electromagnetic spectrum
The electromagnetic spectrum is the collective term for all known frequencies and their linked wavelengths of the known photons
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Ozone
Ozone /ˈoʊzoʊn/ , or trioxygen, is an inorganic molecule with the chemical formula O3
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Ozone
Ozone /ˈoʊzoʊn/ , or trioxygen, is an inorganic molecule with the chemical formula O3
electromagnetic spectrum
The electromagnetic spectrum is the collective term for all known frequencies and their linked wavelengths of the known photons
Clouds
In meteorology, a cloud is an aerosol comprising a visible mass of minute liquid droplets or frozen crystals, both of which are made of water or various chemicals
Humidity
Humidity is the amount of water vapor in the air
dew point
Dew point is the highest temperature at which airborne water vapor will condense to form liquid dew
relative humidity
Relative humidity is the ratio of the partial pressure of water vapor to the equilibrium vapor pressure of water at a given temperature
saturated
A saturated fat is a type of fat, in which the fatty acids all have single bonds
Stratus
Stratus clouds are low-level cloud characterized by horizontal layering with a uniform base, as opposed to convective or cumuliform clouds that are formed by rising thermals
Precipitation
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity
water cycle
The water cycle, also known as the hydrological cycle or the H2O cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth
climate
Climate is the statistics of weather, usually over a 30-year interval
atmosphere
An atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body
greenhouse effect
The greenhouse effect is the process by which radiation from a planet's atmosphere warms the planet's surface to a temperature above what it would be without its atmosphere
global warming
Global warming and climate change are terms for the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects
Albedo
Albedo is the \""""whiteness\"""" of a surface
ionosphere
The ionosphere is a region of Earth's upper atmosphere, from about 60 km to 1,000 km altitude, and includes the thermosphere and parts of the mesosphere and exosphere
stratosphere
The stratosphere is the second major layer of Earth's atmosphere, just above the troposphere, and below the mesosphere
thermosphere
The thermosphere is the layer of the Earth's atmosphere directly above the mesosphere and directly below the exosphere
troposphere
The troposphere is the lowest portion of Earth's atmosphere, and is also where all weather takes place
rain shadow
A rain shadow is a dry area on the leeward side of a mountainous area
Weather
Weather is the state of the atmosphere, to the degree that it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy
nitrogen
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7
conductors
In physics and electrical engineering, a conductor is an object or type of material that allows the flow of an electrical current in one or more directions
fog
Fog is a visible mass consisting of cloud water droplets or ice crystals suspended in the air at or near the Earth's surface
CFCs
A chlorofluorocarbon is an organic compound that contains only carbon, chlorine, and fluorine, produced as volatile derivative of methane, ethane, and propane
positive feedback
Positive feedback is a process that occurs in a feedback loop in which the effects of a small disturbance on a system include an increase in the magnitude of the perturbation

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