Flashcards - The Basic Components of Pathophysiology

Flashcards - The Basic Components of Pathophysiology
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metaplasia
Metaplasia is the reversible replacement of one differentiated cell type with another mature differentiated cell type
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dysplasia
Dysplasia is an ambiguous term used in pathology to refer to an abnormality of development or an epithelial anomaly of growth and differentiation
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organism
In biology, an organism is any contiguous living system, such as an animal, plant, fungus, archaeon, or bacterium
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fluid mosaic model
The Fluid Mosaic Model explains various observations regarding the structure of functional cell membranes
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villi
Intestinal villi are small, finger-like projections that extend into the lumen of the small intestine
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organ system
A biological system is a complex network of biologically relevant entities
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organ

A collection of tissues with similar functions. Plant and animal life relies on many organs that coexist in organ systems.

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Proteins
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues
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Proteins
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues
organ

A collection of tissues with similar functions. Plant and animal life relies on many organs that coexist in organ systems.

organ system
A biological system is a complex network of biologically relevant entities
villi
Intestinal villi are small, finger-like projections that extend into the lumen of the small intestine
fluid mosaic model
The Fluid Mosaic Model explains various observations regarding the structure of functional cell membranes
organism
In biology, an organism is any contiguous living system, such as an animal, plant, fungus, archaeon, or bacterium
dysplasia
Dysplasia is an ambiguous term used in pathology to refer to an abnormality of development or an epithelial anomaly of growth and differentiation
metaplasia
Metaplasia is the reversible replacement of one differentiated cell type with another mature differentiated cell type
lipofuscin
Lipofuscin is the name given to finely granular yellow-brown pigment granules composed of lipid-containing residues of lysosomal digestion
immunotherapy
Immunotherapy is the "treatment of disease by inducing, enhancing, or suppressing an immune response"
pallor mortis
Pallor mortis , the first stage of death, is a post mortem paleness that occurs in those with light/white skin
anemia
Anemia, also spelled anaemia, is usually defined as a decrease in the amount of red blood cells or hemoglobin in the blood
ischemia
Ischemia is a restriction in blood supply to tissues, causing a shortage of oxygen and glucose needed for cellular metabolism
gangrene
Gangrene is a type of necrosis caused by a critically insufficient blood supply
goiter
A goitre or goiter is a swelling of the neck or larynx resulting from enlargement of the thyroid gland , associated with a thyroid gland that is not functioning properly
vaccination
Vaccination is the administration of antigenic material to stimulate an individual's immune system to develop adaptive immunity to a pathogen

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