Flashcards - Theory & Mechanisms of Evolution

Flashcards - Theory & Mechanisms of Evolution
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heritability of acquired characteristics
The inheritance of acquired characteristics is a hypothesis that physiological changes acquired over the life of an organism may be transmitted to offspring
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zygote
A zygote , is a eukaryotic cell formed by a fertilization event between two gametes
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species
In biology, a species is one of the basic units of biological classification and a taxonomic rank
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speciation
Speciation is the evolutionary process by which reproductively isolated biological populations evolve to become distinct species
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evolution
Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations
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10 cards in set
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evolution
Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations
speciation
Speciation is the evolutionary process by which reproductively isolated biological populations evolve to become distinct species
species
In biology, a species is one of the basic units of biological classification and a taxonomic rank
zygote
A zygote , is a eukaryotic cell formed by a fertilization event between two gametes
heritability of acquired characteristics
The inheritance of acquired characteristics is a hypothesis that physiological changes acquired over the life of an organism may be transmitted to offspring
evolutionary pressures
Any cause that reduces reproductive success in a portion of a population potentially exerts evolutionary pressure, selective pressure or selection pressure
hypotheses
A hypothesis is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, Chevalier de Lamarck , often known simply as Lamarck , was a French naturalist
sympatric speciation
Sympatric speciation is the process through which new species evolve from a single ancestral species while inhabiting the same geographic region
homology
In the context of biology, homology is the existence of shared ancestry between a pair of structures, or genes, in different taxa

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