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Flashcards - Understanding Biochemistry

Flashcards - Understanding Biochemistry
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Proteins
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues
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glycogen
Glycogen is a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in animals and fungi
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Glucose
Glucose is a sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6
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redox
Redox is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed
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photosynthesis
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities
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chlorophyll
Chlorophyll is a term used for several closely related green pigments found in cyanobacteria and the chloroplasts of algae and plants
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anaerobic cellular respiration
Anaerobic respiration is a form of respiration using electron acceptors other than oxygen
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adenosine triphosphate
Adenosine triphosphate is a nucleoside triphosphate, a small molecule used in cells as a coenzyme
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adenosine triphosphate
Adenosine triphosphate is a nucleoside triphosphate, a small molecule used in cells as a coenzyme
anaerobic cellular respiration
Anaerobic respiration is a form of respiration using electron acceptors other than oxygen
chlorophyll
Chlorophyll is a term used for several closely related green pigments found in cyanobacteria and the chloroplasts of algae and plants
photosynthesis
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities
redox
Redox is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed
Glucose
Glucose is a sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6
glycogen
Glycogen is a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in animals and fungi
Proteins
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues
saturated fats
A saturated fat is a type of fat, in which the fatty acids all have single bonds
active site
In biology, the active site is the region of an enzyme where substrate molecules bind and undergo a chemical reaction
chemical reaction
A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another
Cofactors
A cofactor is a non-protein chemical compound or metallic ion that is required for a protein's biological activity to happen
competitive inhibition
Competitive inhibition is a form of enzyme inhibition where binding of the inhibitor to the active site on the enzyme prevents binding of the substrate and vice versa
monosaccharides
Monosaccharides , also called simple sugars, are the most basic units of carbohydrates
metabolic pathway
In biochemistry, a metabolic pathway is a linked series of chemical reactions occurring within a cell
disaccharides
A disaccharide is the sugar formed when two monosaccharides are joined

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